What is the time complexity of following function fun()?

`int` `fun(` `int` `n) `
`{ ` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = 1; i <= n; i++) `
` ` `{ `
` ` `for` `(` `int` `j = 1; j < n; j += i) `
` ` `{ `
` ` `// Some O(1) task `
` ` `} `
` ` `} `
`} ` |

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*filter_none*

For i = 1, the inner loop is executed n times.

For i = 2, the inner loop is executed approximately n/2 times.

For i = 3, the inner loop is executed approximately n/3 times.

For i = 4, the inner loop is executed approximately n/4 times.

…………………………………………………….

…………………………………………………….

For i = n, the inner loop is executed approximately n/n times.

So the total time complexity of the above algorithm is (n + n/2 + n/3 + … + n/n)

Which becomes n * (1/1 + 1/2 + 1/3 + … + 1/n)

The important thing about series (1/1 + 1/2 + 1/3 + … + 1/n) is, it is equal to Θ(Logn) (See this for reference). So the time complexity of the above code is Θ(nLogn).

As a side note, the sum of infinite harmonic series is counterintuitive as the series diverges. The value of

**Reference:**

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harmonic_series_%28mathematics%29#Rate_of_divergence

http://staff.ustc.edu.cn/~csli/graduate/algorithms/book6/chap03.htm

This article is contributed by **Rahul**. Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above

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