Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Improve Article

An interesting time complexity question

  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 30 Oct, 2015

What is the time complexity of following function fun()?

Attention reader! Don’t stop learning now. Get hold of all the important DSA concepts with the DSA Self Paced Course at a student-friendly price and become industry ready.  To complete your preparation from learning a language to DS Algo and many more,  please refer Complete Interview Preparation Course.

In case you wish to attend live classes with experts, please refer DSA Live Classes for Working Professionals and Competitive Programming Live for Students.




int fun(int n)
{    
    for (int i = 1; i <= n; i++)
    {
        for (int j = 1; j < n; j += i)
        {
            // Some O(1) task
        }
    }    
}

For i = 1, the inner loop is executed n times.
For i = 2, the inner loop is executed approximately n/2 times.
For i = 3, the inner loop is executed approximately n/3 times.
For i = 4, the inner loop is executed approximately n/4 times.
…………………………………………………….
…………………………………………………….
For i = n, the inner loop is executed approximately n/n times.

So the total time complexity of the above algorithm is (n + n/2 + n/3 + … + n/n)



Which becomes n * (1/1 + 1/2 + 1/3 + … + 1/n)

The important thing about series (1/1 + 1/2 + 1/3 + … + 1/n) is, it is equal to Θ(Logn) (See this for reference). So the time complexity of the above code is Θ(nLogn).

As a side note, the sum of infinite harmonic series is counterintuitive as the series diverges. The value of timecomplex is ∞. This is unlike geometric series as geometric series with ratio less than 1 converges.

Reference:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harmonic_series_%28mathematics%29#Rate_of_divergence
http://staff.ustc.edu.cn/~csli/graduate/algorithms/book6/chap03.htm

This article is contributed by Rahul. Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :