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Insert Python list into PostgreSQL database

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  • Last Updated : 23 Sep, 2021
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In this article, we will discuss how to Insert a Python list into PostgreSQL database using pyscopg2 module.

Psycopg2 is the most popular PostgreSQL adapter for the Python programming language. Psycopg2 is a DB API 2.0 compliant PostgreSQL driver that is actively developed. It is designed for multi-threaded applications and manages its own connection pool. This module can be installed using the given command:

pip install psycopg2

To insert all records the list is traversed and the values are inserted one by one.

Syntax :

list = [(),(),.....,()]
for d in list:
    cursor.execute("INSERT into table_name(
    column1,column2, colum3.....) VALUES (%s, %s, %s,.....)", d)

First import all the required libraries into the working space and establish database connection. Set auto-commit to false and create a cursor object. Now, create a list of data to be inserted into the table. Loop through the list and insert values. Commit and close connection.

Example: Inserting list values to database

Python3




# importing psycopg2 module
import psycopg2
  
# establishing the connection
conn = psycopg2.connect(
    database="postgres",
    user='postgres',
    password='password',
    host='localhost',
    port='5432'
)
  
# creating a cursor object
cursor = conn.cursor()
  
# creating table
sql = '''CREATE TABLE employee(
 id  SERIAL NOT NULL,
 name varchar(20) not null,
 state varchar(20) not null
)'''
  
  
# list that contain records to be inserted into table
data = [('Babita', 'Bihar'), ('Anushka', 'Hyderabad'), 
        ('Anamika', 'Banglore'), ('Sanaya', 'Pune'),
        ('Radha', 'Chandigarh')]
  
# inserting record into employee table
for d in data:
    cursor.execute("INSERT into employee(name, state) VALUES (%s, %s)", d)
  
  
print("List has been inserted to employee table successfully...")
  
# Commit your changes in the database
conn.commit()
  
# Closing the connection
conn.close()

Output:

List has been inserted into employee table successfully

Example: Check whether data is being shown in the employee table or not. 

Python3




# importing psycopg2 module
import psycopg2
  
# establishing the connection
conn = psycopg2.connect(
    database="postgres",
    user='postgres',
    password='password',
    host='localhost',
    port='5432'
)
  
# creating cursor object
cursor = conn.cursor()
  
# query to sort table by name
sql2 = 'select * from employee;'
# executing query
cursor.execute(sql2)
  
# fetching the result
print(cursor.fetchall())
  
# Commit your changes in the database
conn.commit()
  
# Closing the connection
conn.close()

Output

[(1, ‘Babita’, ‘Bihar’), (2, ‘Anushka’, ‘Hyderabad’), (3, ‘Anamika’, ‘Banglore’), (4, ‘Sanaya’, ‘Pune’), (5, ‘Radha’, ‘Chandigarh’)]


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