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Indian Preamble and its Objectives

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  • Last Updated : 13 Jul, 2022
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What is The Preamble?

  • The word “Preamble” means a reference to the presentation of the document, in other words, we can say it is a prologue to the written Constitution. 
  • Usually, the Preamble places it on the opening page of any document. 
  • The preamble contains the essence embodiment and basic structure of the Constitution.
  • A prominent jurist and constituent expert named N. A Palkhivala describes the Preamble as the “Identity card of the Constitution”.
  • According to K. M. Munshi, the Preamble reads “The Horoscope of our Sovereign Democratic Republic”.
  • The United States of America was the first sovereign nation to have a Preamble to its Constitution.

Preamble to The Indian Constitution:

  • The Indian Constitution of the Preamble was drafted with reference to an “Objective Resolution” which was moved by Jawaharlal Nehru on December 13, 1946. later it was unanimously adopted by the Constitution assembly.
  • So far, the Preamble to the constitution of India has been amended only once by the 42nd Constitution of Amendment Act of 1976. 
  • With the help of this Constitutional Amendment Act, three new words were added to the Preamble namely Socialist, Secular, and Integrity.

Elements of the Preamble of the Indian Constitution:

  • The main elements of our Preamble are justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity.
  • The other element represents the nature of the nation, which defines Union India as a sovereign nation with a socialist nature and a secular democratic republic.
  • The Preamble indicates the adoption date of the Constitution which is November 26th, 1949. 

Significance of the Preamble of the Indian Constitution:

  • The Preamble to the Indian Constitution defines the essential thoughts, philosophy, and strategic goals and objectives worked out by the founding fathers of the constitution.
  • It addresses the origin of the Constitution of India. The words sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic, and republic in the Preamble show the nature of the nation.
  • The Preamble characterizes the essential opportunities that the Indian public needs to safeguard for all residents, as well as the fundamental style of government and legislative issues to be constructed.
  • The Supreme court alluded to the Preamble, the word ‘We the people of India’, and the court observed that the Preamble derives the authority of the Constitution which comes from the citizens of India.
  • The ideals of justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity reflect constitutional objectives. 
  • The Preamble reflects the philosophy of the Constitution of India.
  • It contains an essential principal value based on the political, moral, and religious constitution. 
  • According to Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer, the Preamble to our Constitution expresses “what we had thought or dreamt so long”.

Important Objectives of the Preamble:

Sovereign:

  • Sovereignty means that we have authority over ourselves. 
  • Sovereignty is the power of a state to do what they want to do in order to govern itself. 
  • A sovereign territory governs its own government and conducts its own affairs freely in a specific geographical area without being dependent on any other authority. 

Socialist:

  • The term was added to the Preamble of the Constitution by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act in 1976. 
  • Socialism is a public ownership-based political and financial framework.
  • As the supreme court says Indian socialism is democratic socialism aimed at ending poverty and reducing inequality within the state.
  • The Framework of our mixed economy represents democratic socialism. 
  • We framed Indian socialism based on Gandhian ideology which is why Jurists and philosophers call it Gandhian Socialism.
  • The directive principle of State Policy in the constitution implicates the Indian democratic socialism.

Secular:

  • The term Secular was also added by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act of 1976.
  • The Secular State usually announces its neutral position on the religious matter which does not favour to any religion.
  • The Supreme Court ruled in 1974 that the framers of the Constitution had the idea of establishing a secular state, so they included Articles 25 and 28 in the Constitution, which defined fundamental rights to religious freedom.
  • Secularism in the Indian state aims to give the same equal status and support to all religions irrespective of their strength.

Democratic:

  • The word democracy has its roots in ancient Greek, “Demos” means people and “Kratos” means to rule, so democracy means rule by the people. 
  • A democratic country has a system of political government consisting of representatives elected by individuals.
  • The Constitution of India proclaims a Parliamentary majority rule government as the representative body responsible to the legislature for all policies and activities. 
  • In the Constituent Assembly on November 25, 1949, Dr. BR Ambedkar in his concluding speech, Ambedkar said, “Political democracy cannot continue unless it is at the foundation of its social democracy”.

Republic: 

  • It is derived from the Latin phrase “res publica“, which means “The public matter”.
  • A ‘Republic’ is a State wherein preeminent power is held by individuals in the country and their chosen representatives. In Simple words, a Republic state has an elected head of state rather than an emperor or monarch.
  • Republic represents the head of the state is always elected directly [or] indirectly for a fixed term.
  • The word “Republic” in our Preamble of the constitution refers to the elected head of state known as the President of India. He was indirectly elected for a term of five years. 
  • India is a democratic republic that provides the highest office of India (Presidential Office) to every citizen of India, while the highest office in the UK is reserved for the monarchy.

Justice:

  • The word ‘Justice’ is derived from the French phrase ‘Jostise‘ which means “Upholding the Right”.
  • Justice is an ancient concept practiced by every civilized society in its administration system and this is one of the mandated practices that should be followed by every nation. Without justice, there can be no legal society.
  • Articles 14, 15, 16, and 17 of the Indian constitution of India established the idea of the possibility of equity justice in the Preamble of the constitution.
  • The term justice in the Preamble of the Indian Constitution indicates three different Pathways, which are taken from the Russian Revolution in 1917. These are Social Justice, Economic Justice, and Political Justice.

Liberty:

  • The ideal Of Liberty in our Preamble to the Constitution of India has been taken from the French Revolution (1789 – 1799).
  • Liberty, as explained in the Preamble is extremely fundamental for the successful functioning of the Indian democratic system.
  • The Supreme Court in its different judgments has stated not only just the right to liberty but also the right to life and the right to life with dignity, which provides it with the outright security of the Constitution of India.
  • Article 21 of our Constitution of India perceives ‘liberty’ as ‘individual’, and that implies that the extent of opportunity in India is not exactly in the US.

Equality:

  • The term Equality implies that each individual living in the domain of India has equivalent freedoms under the law. This implies equivalent in a solitary line.
  • There is no segregation based on religion, race, caste, gender, and place of birth. It implies that everybody is viewed as equivalent in the territory, what’s more, there will be no separation in view of the lower or high society.
  • The Preamble of the Indian Constitution provides three dimensions of equality they are civic, political, and economic. 

Fraternity:

  • Fraternity means a sense of brotherhood. This indicates the obligation of each and every resident of India to promote harmony and fraternity among every individual of India irrespective of religion, Linguistic, [OR] regional.
  • India is a place that is known for a variety of diversity, so fraternity ensures the dignity or nobility of all residents and the solidarity, honesty to the country, and integrity of the nation.
  • Ambedkar put intense pressure on the fraternity. he said, “refers to the common sense of brotherhood of all Indians — if we look at Indians as one people.”
  • The Preamble proclaims brotherhood to guarantee two things- the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the nation

Related Frequently Asked Questions and Solutions:

1Q. What is the historical perspective on the Constitutional Preamble of India?

Ans: The Indian Constitution of the Preamble was drafted with reference to an “Objective Resolution” which was moved by Jawaharlal Nehru on December 13, 1946. later it was unanimously adopted by the constitution assembly. So far, the Preamble to the constitution of India has been amended only once by the 42nd Constitution of Amendment Act of 1976.

2Q. What are the key elements that represent the Preamble of the Constitution of India?

Ans: The key elements of our Preamble are justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity. The other element represents the nature of the nation, which defines Union India as a sovereign nation with a socialist nature and a secular democratic republic. The Preamble indicates the adoption date of the Constitution which is November 26th, 1949. 

3Q. What objectives are indicated by the Preamble of the Indian constitution?

Ans: The objectives stated by the Preamble are: secure justice, liberty, and equality for all citizens and promote fraternity, unity and integrity of the nation.

4Q. State two significance of the Preamble to the Constitution of India?

Ans: The Preamble to the Indian Constitution defines the essential thoughts, philosophy, and strategic goals and objectives worked out by the founding authors of the constitution. It characterizes the essential opportunities that the Indian public needs to safeguard for all residents, as well as the fundamental style of government and legislative issues to be constructed.

5Q. What are the articles in the Constitution of India related to the Preamble of the Constitution of India?

Ans: The articles in the Constitution of India which related to the Preamble of the Constitution of India are:

  • Articles 25 and 28 of the Constitution define fundamental rights to religious freedom, which refers to the secular state from the Preamble of the Indian Constitution.
  • Articles 14, 15, and 16 of the Indian constitution of India established the idea of the possibility of equity justice in the Preamble of the constitution.
  • Article 39A of the Indian constitution gives each resident a right to get free legal assistance from the office of the court.
  • Article 21 of our Constitution of India perceives ‘liberty’ as ‘individual’
  • Article 39 – Equal livelihood rights for men and women and equal pay for equal work.
  • The Preamble of the Indian constitution promotes the feeling of Fraternity through the fundamental duties [Article 51-A].

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