# In how many ways a committee consisting of 5 men and 3 women, can be chosen from 9 men and 12 women?

A combination is a selection of items from a collection, such that the order of selection does not matter. Basically, it can be considered as an unordered permutation. A k-combination can be referred to as the combination of n things taken k at a time without repetition. For instance, we have, three alphabets A, B, and C, and we need to pick any two alphabets from it, the possible combinations are obtained: AB, BC, and AC. In the case of combinations, the order of selection of items doesn’t matter, that is AB is equivalent in nature to BA.

^{n}C_{r }= n!/(n – r)!r!Where,

n – total number of objects from which to choose data

r – the number of chosen objects

### In how many ways a committee consisting of 5 men and 3 women, can be chosen from 9 men and 12 women

**Solution: **

Since, combinations are referred to using the following formula:

^{n}C_{r}= n!/(n-r)!r!Since we need to choose, 5 men out of 9 men,

For Men =

^{9}C_{5}Since, we need to choose, 3 women out of 12 women,

For Women =

^{12}C_{3}Now,

Choose 5 men out of 9 men

Therefore,

^{n}C_{r}= n!/(n – r)!r!

^{9}C_{5}= 9!/(9 – 5)!5!

^{9}C_{5}= 9!/4!5!

^{9}C_{5}= 9 × 8 × 7 × 6 × 5!/4 × 3 × 2 × 1 × 5!

^{9}C_{5}= 3024 × 5!/24 × 5!Simplifying Further,

^{9}C_{5}= 3024/24

^{9}C_{5}= 126Thus,

We can choose 5 men out of 9 men in 126 ways

Now, further calculating for women,

Choose 3 women out of 12 women

Therefore,

^{n}C_{r}= n!/(n – r)!r!

^{12}C_{3}= 12!/(12 – 3)!3!

^{12}C_{3}= 12!/9!3!

^{12}C_{3}= 12 × 11 × 10 × 9!/9! × 3 × 2 × 1

^{12}C_{3}= 1320 × 9!/6 × 9!Simplifying Further

^{12}C_{3}= 1320/6

^{12}C_{3}= 220Thus,

Choose 3 women out of 12 women in 220 ways

Therefore,

The committee can be chosen in 126 × 220 = 27720 ways.

### Sample Problems

**Question 1: illustrate some of the examples of permutation and combination?**

**Solution:**

Permutation

CombinationArranging people, digits, numbers, alphabets, letters, and colours Selection of menu, food and team. Picking a team captain, pitcher from a group Picking three team members from a group. Picking two favourite colours, in order, from a colour brochure. Picking two colours from a colour brochure. Picking first, second and third place winners. Picking any three winners.

**Question 2: Find the permutation and combination for n = 4 and r = 2?**

**Solution:**

Permutation:

^{n}P_{r}= n!/(n – r)!

^{4}P_{2}= 4!/(4 – 2)!

^{4}P_{2}= 4!/2!

^{4}P_{2}= 4 × 3 × 2!/2!Simplifying

^{4}P_{2}= 4 × 3

^{4}P_{2}= 12Combination:

^{n}C_{r}= n!/(n – r)!r!

^{4}C_{2}= 4!/(4 – 2)!2!

^{4}C_{2}= 4!/2!2!

^{4}C_{2}= 4 × 3 × 2!/2 × 1 × 2!Simplifying

^{4}C_{2}= 4 × 3/ 2

^{4}C_{2}= 12/2

^{4}C_{2}= 6

**Question 3: In how many ways flowers for a bouquet having 6 roses and 8 lilies, can be chosen from 8 roses and 10 lilies?**

**Solution:**

Here choose flowers for bouquet

Finding how rose can be chosen

6 rose from 8 rose =

^{8}C_{6}= 8!/(8-6)!6!= 8!/2!6!

= 8 × 7 × 6!/2 × 1 × 6!

Simplifying

= 56/2

= 28

^{8}C_{6}= 28Roses can be chosen in 28 ways

Finding how lily can be chosen

8 lily from 10 lily =

^{10}C_{8}= 10!/(10 – 8)!8!= 10!/2!8!

= 10 × 9 × 8!/2 × 1 × 8!

Simplifying

= 90/2

= 45

^{10}C_{8}= 45Lily can be chosen in 45 ways

The flowers for bouquet can be chosen in 1260 ways.

**Question 4: Evaluate C(22, 20). C(n, r) = n!/(n – r)!r!**

**Solution:**

Here,

n = 22

r = 20

Putting the values of n and r in C(n, r) = n!/(n – r)!r!

C(22, 20) = 22!/(22 – 20)!20!

C(22, 20) = 22!/(2)!20!

C(22, 20) = 22 × 21 × 20!/2! × 20!

C(22, 20) = 22 × 21/ 2 × 1

C(22, 20) = 462/2

C(22, 20) = 231

Therefore,

C(22, 20). C(n,r)=n!/(n-r)!r! = 231

**Question 5: Find out C(30, 28). C(n, r) = n!/(n – r)!r!**

**Solution:**

Here,

n = 30

r = 28

Putting the values of n and r in C(n, r) = n!/(n – r)!r!

We get,

C(30, 28) = 30!/(30 – 28)!28!

C(30, 28) = 30!/(2)!28!

C(30, 28) = 30 × 29 × 28!/2! × 28!

C(30, 28) = 30 × 29/ 2

C(30, 28) = 870/2

C(30, 28) = 435

Therefore,

C(30, 28). C(n,r)=n!/(n – r)!r! = 435