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One Word Substitution Questions and Answers

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One Word Substitution, being an important part of English language is a crucial component of competitive exams. It plays an important role in enhancing one’s vocabulary. It is used in the place of a long-phrase and makes the sentence clearer and shorter without changing its meaning.

One Word Substitution Questions are a major part of the Verbal Ability section in the competitive examinations. Candidates need to go through the article to clear the doubts and then practice the questions given below for better understanding of the concepts.

One-word Substitution

The use of a single word in place of a whole sentence makes the sentence structure simpler and it is known as one-word substitution. With the phrase replaced, the meaning remains the same while the statement becomes shorter. 

One Word Substitution is a key component of vocabulary. It requires the replacement of a sentence with an appropriate single word that captures its full meaning. This method of communication is much more succinct and easy to understand, making it widely used in numerous competitive exams. To learn this concept effectively, go through the following article where some examples and sample questions are provided for practice. 

Important One Word Substitutions in English Grammar:

  • One who is not sure about God’s existence – Agnostic
  • A person who deliberately sets fire to a building:- Arsonist
  • One who does a thing for pleasure and not as a profession:- Amateur
  • One who can use either hand with ease:- Ambidextrous
  • One who makes an official examination of accounts:- Auditor
  • A person who believes in or tries to bring about a state of lawlessness:- Anarchist
  • A person who has changed his faith:- Apostate
  • One who does not believe in the existence of God:- Atheist
  • A person appointed by two parties to solve a dispute:- Arbitrator
  • One who leads an austere life:- Ascetic
  • A state of disorder due to the absence or non-recognition of authority or other controlling systems:- Anarchy
  • A form of government in which power is held by the nobility:- Aristocracy
  • A system of government by one person with absolute power:- Autocracy
  • A self-governing country or region:- Autonomy
  • A system of government in which most of the important decisions are taken by state officials rather than by elected representatives:- Bureaucracy
  • A group of guns or missile launchers operated together in one place:- Battery
  • A large bundle bound for storage or transport:- Bale
  • A large gathering of people of a particular type:- Bevy
  • An arrangement of flowers that is usually given as a present:- Bouquet
  • A family of young animals:- Brood
  • An unconventional style of living:- Bohemian
  • One who is bad in spelling:- Cacographer
  • One who feeds on human flesh:- Cannibal
  • A person who is blindly devoted to an idea/ a person displaying aggressive or exaggerated patriotism:- Chauvinist
  • A critical judge of any art and craft:- Connoisseur
  • Persons living at the same time:- Contemporaries
  • One who is recovering health after illness:- Convalescent
  • A girl/woman who flirts with a man:- Coquette
  • A person who regards the whole world as his country:- Cosmopolitan
  • One who is a center of attraction:- Cynosure
  • One who sneers at the beliefs of others:- Cynic
  • A group of things that have been hidden in a secret place:- Cache
  • A group of people, typically with vehicles or animals travelling together:- Caravan
  • A closed political meeting:- Caucus
  • An exclusive circle of people with a common purpose:- Clique
  • A group of followers hired to applaud at a performance:- Claque
  • A series of stars:- Constellation
  • A funeral procession:- Cortege
  • A group of worshippers:- Congregation
  • A herd or flock of animals being driven in a body:- Drove
  • A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives:- Democracy
  • A leader or orator who espouses the cause of the common people:- Demagogue
  • A person having a sophisticated charm:- Debonair
  • A leader who sways his followers by his oratory:- Demagogue
  • A dabbler (not serious) in art, science and literature:- Dilettante
  • One who is for the pleasure of eating and drinking:- Epicure
  • One who often talks of his achievements:- Egotist
  • Someone who leaves one country to settle in another:- Emigrant
  • A man who is womanish in his habits:- Effeminate
  • One who is hard to please (very selective in his habits):- Fastidious
  • One who runs away from justice:- Fugitive
  • One who is filled with excessive enthusiasm in religious matters:- Fanatic
  • One who believes in fate:- Fatalist
  • A small fleet of ships or boats:- Flotilla
  • A small growth of trees without under brush:- Grove
  • A state, society, or group governed by old people:- Gerontocracy
  • A lover of good food:- Gourmand
  • Conferred as an honor:- Honorary
  • A person who acts against religion:- Heretic
  • A person of intellectual or erudite tastes:- Highbrow
  • A patient with imaginary symptoms and ailments:- Hypochondriac
  • A person who is controlled by his wife:- Henpeck
  • A community of people smaller than a village:- Hamlet
  • A group of cattle or sheep or other domestic mammals:- Herd
  • A large group of people:- Horde
  • One who shows sustained enthusiastic action with unflagging vitality:- Indefatigable
  • Someone who attacks cherished ideas or traditional institutions:- Iconoclast
  • One who does not express himself freely:- Introvert
  • Who behaves without moral principles:- Immoral
  • A person who is incapable of being tampered with:- Impregnable
  • One who is unable to pay his debts:- Insolvent
  • A state or country run by the worst, least qualified, or most unscrupulous citizens:- Kakistocracy
  • A person who is mentally ill:- Lunatic
  • A form of government with a monarch at the head:- Monarchy
  • A person who dislikes humankind and avoids human society:- Misanthrope
  • A person who is primarily concerned with making money at the expense of ethics:- Mercenary
  • Someone in love with himself:- Narcissist
  • One who collects coins as a hobby:- Numismatist
  • Government by new or inexperienced hands:- Neocracy
  • Government by the populace:- Ochlocracy
  • A small group of people having control of a country or organization:- Oligarchy
  • Government by the wealthy:- Plutocracy
  • A temporary police force:- Posse
  • A person who likes or admires women:- Philogynist
  • A lover of mankind:- Philanthropist
  • A person who speaks more than one language:- Polyglot
  • One who lives in solitude:- Recluse
  • Someone who walks in sleep:- Somnambulist
  • A person who is indifferent to the pains and pleasures of life:- Stoic
  • A large number of fish swimming together:- Shoal
  • Government not connected with religious or spiritual matters:- Secular
  • A strong and fast-moving stream of water or other liquid:- Torrent
  • A political system based on the government of men by God:- Thearchy
  • A scolding nagging bad-tempered woman:- Termagant
  • A person who shows a great or excessive fondness for one’s wife:- Uxorious
  • One who possesses outstanding technical ability in a particular art or field:- Virtuoso

Important One-Word Questions in English

Direction: In the following questions, choose the correct option which can be substituted for the given sentence.

1. One who does not express himself freely. 

  1. Ambivert
  2. Extrovert
  3. Introvert
  4. Vertebrate

Answer: 2 Introvert

2. A person who hates and avoids human society

  1. Misogynist
  2. Misanthrope
  3. Anthropologist 
  4. Archaeologist

Answer: 2 Misanthrope

3. A person who shows a great or excessive fondness for one’s wife

  1. Henpeck
  2. Virtuoso
  3. Uxorious
  4. Impregnable 

 Answer: 3 Uxorious

4. An unconventional style of living

  1. Cacography
  2. Bohemian
  3. Contemporaries
  4. Hypochondriac

Answer: 2 Bohemian

5. A self-governing country or region

  1. Autonomy
  2. Autocracy
  3. Anarchy
  4. Ethnology

Answer: 1 Autonomy

6. A political system based on the government of men by God

  1. Thearchy
  2. Monarchy
  3. Oligarchy
  4. Plutocracy

Answer: 1 Thearchy

8. That which cannot be corrected

  1. Indelible
  2. Inflammable 
  3. Illegible
  4. Incorrigible 

Answer:  4 Incorrigible 

9. One who is unable to pay his debts

  1. Insolvent
  2. Lunatic
  3. Amateur
  4. Arbitrator

 Answer: 1 Insolvent

10. The killing of a large group of people 

  1. Genocide
  2. Foeticide
  3. Interment
  4. Matricide 

Answer: 1 Genocide

11. One who is hard to please.

  1. Fastidious
  2. Fugitive
  3. Fanatic
  4. Fatalist 

Answer: 1 Fastidious

12. A person who is primarily concerned with making money at the expense of ethics 

  1. Mercenary
  2. Narcissist
  3. Numismatist
  4. Termagant

Answer: 1 Mercenary

13. A person who speaks two languages fluently

  1. Monolingual
  2. Bilingual
  3. Trilingual
  4. Multilingual

Answer: 2 Bilingual

14. A person who is able to use both hands with equal ease

  1. Ambidextrous 
  2. Left-handed
  3. Right-handed 
  4. Unilateral

Answer: 1 Ambidextrous

15. A person who is extremely knowledgeable about a particular subject

  1. Expert 
  2. Novice 
  3. Specialist 
  4. Rookie

Answer: 1 Expert

Last Updated : 18 Apr, 2023
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