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# Image Processing in Java – Colored Image to Sepia Image Conversion

• Difficulty Level : Easy
• Last Updated : 14 Nov, 2021

Prerequisites:

In this set, we will be converting a colored image to a sepia image. In a sepia image, the Alpha component of the image will be the same as the original image(since the alpha component denotes the transparency). Still, the RGB will be changed, which will be calculated by the following formula.

```newRed = 0.393*R + 0.769*G + 0.189*B
newGreen = 0.349*R + 0.686*G + 0.168*B
newBlue = 0.272*R + 0.534*G + 0.131*B```

If any of these output values is greater than 255, simply set it to 255. These specific values are the values for a sepia tone that are recommended by Microsoft.

#### Algorithm:

1. Get the RGB value of the pixel.
2. Calculate newRed, new green, newBlue using the above formula (Take the integer value)
3. Set the new RGB value of the pixel as per the following condition:
• If newRed > 255 then R = 255 else R = newRed
• If newGreen > 255 then G = 255 else G = newGreen
• If newBlue > 255 then B = 255 else B = newBlue
4. Replace the value of R, G, and B with the new value that we calculated for the pixel.
5. Repeat Step 1 to Step 4 for each pixel of the image.

## Java

 `// Java program to demonstrate``// colored to sepia conversion`` ` `import` `java.awt.image.BufferedImage;``import` `java.io.File;``import` `java.io.IOException;``import` `javax.imageio.ImageIO;`` ` `public` `class` `Sepia {``    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String args[])``        ``throws` `IOException``    ``{``        ``BufferedImage img = ``null``;``        ``File f = ``null``;`` ` `        ``// read image``        ``try` `{``            ``f = ``new` `File(``                ``"C:/Users/hp/Desktop/Image Processing in Java/gfg-logo.png"``);``            ``img = ImageIO.read(f);``        ``}``        ``catch` `(IOException e) {``            ``System.out.println(e);``        ``}`` ` `        ``// get width and height of the image``        ``int` `width = img.getWidth();``        ``int` `height = img.getHeight();`` ` `        ``// convert to sepia``        ``for` `(``int` `y = ``0``; y < height; y++) {``            ``for` `(``int` `x = ``0``; x < width; x++) {``                ``int` `p = img.getRGB(x, y);`` ` `                ``int` `a = (p >> ``24``) & ``0xff``;``                ``int` `R = (p >> ``16``) & ``0xff``;``                ``int` `G = (p >> ``8``) & ``0xff``;``                ``int` `B = p & ``0xff``;`` ` `                ``// calculate newRed, newGreen, newBlue``                ``int` `newRed = (``int``)(``0.393` `* R + ``0.769` `* G``                                   ``+ ``0.189` `* B);``                ``int` `newGreen = (``int``)(``0.349` `* R + ``0.686` `* G``                                     ``+ ``0.168` `* B);``                ``int` `newBlue = (``int``)(``0.272` `* R + ``0.534` `* G``                                    ``+ ``0.131` `* B);`` ` `                ``// check condition``                ``if` `(newRed > ``255``)``                    ``R = ``255``;``                ``else``                    ``R = newRed;`` ` `                ``if` `(newGreen > ``255``)``                    ``G = ``255``;``                ``else``                    ``G = newGreen;`` ` `                ``if` `(newBlue > ``255``)``                    ``B = ``255``;``                ``else``                    ``B = newBlue;`` ` `                ``// set new RGB value``                ``p = (a << ``24``) | (R << ``16``) | (G << ``8``) | B;`` ` `                ``img.setRGB(x, y, p);``            ``}``        ``}`` ` `        ``// write image``        ``try` `{``            ``f = ``new` `File(``                ``"C:/Users/hp/Desktop/Image Processing in Java/GFG.png"``);``            ``ImageIO.write(img, ``"png"``, f);``        ``}``        ``catch` `(IOException e) {``            ``System.out.println(e);``        ``}``    ``}``}`

#### Output:

Note: This code will not run on an online IDE as it needs an image on a disk.