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If tan (A + B) = √3 and tan (A – B) = 1/√3, 0° < A + B ≤ 90°; A > B, then find A and B

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  • Last Updated : 03 Sep, 2021
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Trigonometry is basically the study of the relationship between the angles and the sides of a triangle. It is one of the widely used topics of mathematics that is used in daily life. It involves operations on a right-angled triangle i.e. a triangle having one of the angles equal to 90°. There are some terms that we should know before going further. These terms are,

  1. Hypotenuse – It is the side opposite to the right angle in a right-angled triangle. It is the longest side of a right-angled triangle. In figure1 side, AC is the hypotenuse.
  2. Perpendicular – The perpendicular of a triangle, corresponding to a particularly acute angle θ is the side opposite to the angle θ. In figure1 side, AB is the perpendicular corresponding to angle θ.
  3. Base – It is the side adjacent to a particularly acute angle θ. In figure 1 side BC is the base corresponding to angle θ.

Figure 1

Trigonometric Functions

As earlier said, trigonometry depicts the relationship between the angles and sides of a right-angled triangle. This relationship is represented by standard ratios and is given as follows:

  • Sine (sin) The sine of an angle θ is the ratio of the length of the perpendicular, corresponding to the angle θ, to the length of the hypotenuse of the triangle.

sin θ  = perpendicular/hypotenuse =p/h

  • Cosine (cos) The cosine of an angle θ is the ratio of the length of the base, corresponding to the angle θ, to the length of the hypotenuse of the triangle.

cos θ = base/hypotenuse=b/h

  • Tangent (tan) The tangent of an angle θ is the ratio of the length of the perpendicular, corresponding to the angle θ, to the length of the base for the particular angle of the triangle.

tan θ = perpendicular/base=p/b

  • Cotangent (cot) It is the reciprocal of tangent.

cot θ = 1/tan θ = base/perpendicular=b/p

  • Secant (sec) It is the reciprocal of cosine.

sec θ = 1/cos θ = hypotenuse/base=h/b

  • Cosecant (cosec) It is the reciprocal of sine.

cosec θ =1/sin θ = hypotenuse/perpendicular=h/p

Some of the trigonometric ratios along with some of the standard angles are given in the table below,

 0°30°45°60°90°
sin01/21/√2√3/21
cos1√3/21/√21/20
tan01/√31√3
cot√311/√30
sec12/√3√22
cosec2√22/√31

If tan (A + B) = √3 and tan (A – B) = 1/√3, 0° < A + B ≤ 90°; A > B, then find A and B

Solution:

Given,

tan(A + B) = √3

Since, A + B ≤ 90°,

Therefore,

A ≤ 90° and B ≤ 90°

According to the table, the angle at which tan acquires the value √3, is at 60°.

Therefore,

tan(A + B) = √3 = tan 60°

tan(A + B) = tan 60°

A + B = 60°  ⇢   (i)

tan(A – B) = 1/√3

According to the table, the angle at which tan acquires the value 1/√3, is at 30°. Therefore,

tan(A – B) = 1/√3 = tan 30°

tan(A – B) = tan 30°

A – B = 30°  ⇢   (ii)

Adding equation (i) and (ii), 

2A = 90°

A = 45°

Putting the value of A in equation (i), 

45° + B = 60°

B = 60°- 45°

B = 15°

Therefore, the value of A and B that satisfy the given equation is 45° and 15°, respectively.

Similar Problems

Question 1: If 2 sin2 θ – 1= 0, and 0°< θ< 90° then find the values of the following

a. cos θ + cos 2θ

b. sin θ × sin 2θ

Solution:

 2 sin2 θ – 1 = 0

2sin2 θ = 1

sin2 θ = 1/2

sin θ = 1/√2

The acute angle for which the value of sin is 1/√2 = 45°. Therefore,

sin θ = 1/√2 = sin 45°

θ = 45°

Therefore,

a. cos θ + cos 2θ 

cos 45° + cos 2.45°

cos 45° + cos 90°      (putting the values from the table)

1/√2 + 0 = 1/√2

b. sin θ × sin 2θ

sin 45° × sin 2.45°

sin 45° × sin 90°

1/√2 × 1

1/√2 

Question 2: Find A and B if sin(A – B) = 1/2 = cos(A + B) and A, B are acute angles.

Solution:

sin(A – B) = 1/2

Since A, B are acute angles,

Therefore A – B should also be acute angle

The acute angle for which the value of sin is 1/2 = 30°. Therefore,

sin(A – B) = sin 30° = 1/2

A – B = 30°   ⇢   (i)

The acute angle for which the value of cos is 1/2 = 60°, therefore,

cos(A + B) = cos 60° = 1/2

A + B = 60°   ⇢   (ii)

Adding equations (i) & (ii),

2A = 90°

A = 45°

Putting the value of A in equation (i), we get

45° – B = 30°

B = 45° – 30°

B = 15°

Question 3: Find 2 tan2 θ + cos2 θ – 1, if sin θ = cos θ, where 0°< θ< 90°.

Solution:

The acute angle for which the value of cos and sin are equal =45°, therefore,

cos θ = sin θ = cos 45° 

θ = 45°

Therefore,

2 tan2 θ + cos2 θ -1

= 2 tan 45° × tan 45° + cos 45° × cos 45° -1

= 2 × 1 × 1 + 1/√2 × 1/√2 -1

= 2 + 1/2 -1

= 3/2

Question 4: Find θ for 0°<θ <90°, where (2sin θ – 1)(sin θ  – 2)=0.

Solution:

(2sin θ – 1)(sin θ – 2) = 0

By looking at the equation, to satisfy the equation, either

(2sin θ – 1) = 0                        

or, (sin θ  – 2) = 0

sin θ = 1/2                                  

sin θ = 2          (since sin cannot exceed 1, therefore sin θ  – 2 cannot be 0.)

sin θ = 1/2 = sin 30°

θ =30°

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