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Humanize Package in Python

  • Difficulty Level : Expert
  • Last Updated : 23 May, 2020

Humanize is a package in python which contains various humanization utilities like turning a number into a human-readable size or throughput or number. In this article, we will discuss how to install this package and what are the different utilities present in this package.

Installation: To install this package, we will use pip a command. Python pip is the package manager for Python packages. pip comes pre-installed on 3.4 or older versions of Python, pip commands are used in the command prompt. The following command is used to install the package:

pip install humanize

Usage: This package offers various utilities which can be used on the numbers to make the numbers easily readable for the humans. The utilities of the package are:

  1. File Size Utility: This utility can convert large integers of file sizes to human-readable form. The default unit of the size it accepts is bytes. For example:




    # Program to demonstrate the
    # File Size Utility
    import humanize
      
    size = humanize.naturalsize(1024000)

    Output:



    1.0 MB
    
  2. Scientific Notation: This utility is used to add scientific notation to the program. This utility also gives an option to add precision to the number. Precision here means the number of digits needed in the number. For example:




    # Program to demonstrate the
    # scientific notation utility
    import humanize
      
    # Scientific notation using 
    # integer without precision
    gfg = humanize.scientific(2000)
    print('Without Precision: '+gfg)
      
    # Scientific notation using 
    # integer with precision
    gfg = humanize.scientific(2**10, precision = 5)
    print('With Precision: '+gfg)

    Output:

    Without Precision: 2.00 x 10³
    With Precision: 1.02400 x 10³
    
  3. Floating Point to Fractions: This utility is used to convert a floating-point to fractions. For example:




    # Program to demonstrate the
    # floating point to fraction 
    # utility
    import humanize
      
    gfg = humanize.fractional(0.5269)
    print(gfg)

    Output:

    333/632
    
  4. Date & Time Utility: Many a times, we encounter few scenarios where the date or time is returned in the form of numbers. This utility is used to convert the date into a human understandable format. For example:




    # Program to demonstrate the
    # date time utility
    import humanize
    import datetime as dt
      
    # Converting the date represented
    # as a number
    gfg = humanize.naturaldate(dt.date(2020, 5, 3))
    print(gfg)
      
    # Converting seconds to a 
    # better representation
    gfg = humanize.naturaldelta(dt.timedelta(seconds = 900))
    print(gfg)

    Output:

    May 03 2020
    15 minutes
    
  5. Integer Utility: This utility is used to make integer values more presentable. For Example:




    # Python program to demonstrate 
    # the integer utility
    import humanize
      
    # Adding commas to integer values
    gfg = humanize.intcomma(14523689)
    print(gfg)
      
    # Converts the integer to 
    # long and short scales
    gfg = humanize.intword(1562345640)
    print(gfg)
      
    # Converts numbers (0-9) to their 
    # english format
    gfg = humanize.apnumber(5)
    print(gfg)

    Output:

    14, 523, 689
    1.6 billion
    five
    

References: https://pypi.org/project/humanize/

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