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HTML5 Complete Reference

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  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 13 Jun, 2022
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HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language. It is used to design web pages using a markup language. HTML is an abbreviation of Hypertext and Markup language. Hypertext defines the link between the web pages. A markup language is used to define the text document within the tag, which defines the structure of web pages.

HTML 5 is the fifth and current version of HTML. It has improved the markup available for documents and has introduced application programming interfaces (API) and a Document Object Model (DOM).

The below examples illustrate the HTML 5 content.



<!DOCTYPE html>
    <title>HTML 5 Demo</title>
        .GFG {
        body {
    <div class = "GFG">GeeksforGeeks</div>
        <div>A computer science portal for geeks</div>



  • It has introduced new multimedia features that support audio and video controls by using <audio> and <video> tags.
  • There are new graphics elements including vector graphics and tags.
  • Enrich semantic content by including <header> <footer>, <article>, <section> and <figure> are added.
  • Drag and Drop- The user can grab an object and drag it further dropping it in a new location.
  • Geo-location services- It helps to locate the geographical location of a client.
  • Web storage facility which provides web application methods to store data on a web browser.
  • Uses the SQL database to store data offline.
  • Allows drawing various shapes like triangle, rectangle, circle, etc.
  • Capable of handling incorrect syntax.
  • Easy DOCTYPE declaration i.e. <!doctype html>
  • Easy character encoding i.e. <meta charset=”UTF-8″>

Complete Reference:

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