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HTML | <source> media Attribute
  • Last Updated : 27 Sep, 2019

The HTML source media attribute accepts any valid media query that would normally be defined in a CSS. This attribute can accept several values.

Syntax:

<source media="media_query">

Possible Operators:

Value Description
and AND operator
not NOT operator
, OR operator

Devices:

Value Description
all Suitable for all devices
aural Speech synthesizers
braille Braille feedback devices
handheld Handheld devices (small screen, limited bandwidth)
projection Projectors
print Print preview mode/printed pages
screen Computer screens
tty Teletypes and similar media using a fixed-pitch character grid
tv Low resolution or limited scroll ability type devices like Television.

Values:



Value Description
width Targeted display area’s width.
height Targeted display area’s height
device-width Target display or paper’s width.
device-height Target display or paper’s height.
orientation Target display or paper’s orientation.
aspect-ratio Width/height ratio of the targeted display area.
device-aspect-ratio Device-width/device-height ratio of the target display/paper.
color Bits per color of target display.
color-index Number of colors the target display can handle.
monochrome Bits per pixel in a monochrome frame buffer.
resolution Pixel density (dpi or dpcm) of the target display/paper.
scan Scanning method of a tv display.
grid If the output device is grid or bitmap.

Note: Prefixes like “min-“ and “max-“ can be used.

Example:

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code

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  
<head>
    <meta name="viewport"
          content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
</head>
  
<body>
  
    <picture>
        <source media="(min-width: 600px)"
                srcset="img1.png">
        <source media="(min-width: 400px)" 
                srcset="img2.png">
        <img src="img3.png" style="width:auto;">
    </picture>
  
</body>
  
</html>

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Output: Change the browser size.

Supported Browsers: The browsers supported by HTML source media attribute are listed below:

  • Google Chrome
  • Internet Explorer
  • Firefox
  • Apple Safari
  • Opera

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