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HTML | DOM Style overflowY Property

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  • Last Updated : 02 Jun, 2022
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The Style overflowY property in HTML DOM is used to specify the behavior of the content when it overflows an element’s top and bottom edges. The content may be hidden, shown or a scrollbar according to the value. 

Syntax:

  • It returns the overflowY property.
object.style.overflowY
  • It is used to set the overflowY property.
object.style.overflowY = "scroll|hidden|visible|auto|initial|inherit"

Return Values: It returns a string value, which represents the overflow-y property of an element

Property Values:

  • scroll: The content is clipped to fit the element box and a scrollbar is provided help scroll the extra overflowed content. The scrollbar here is added even if the content is not clipped.

Example: 

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
     
<head>
    <title>
        DOM Style overflowY Property
    </title>
     
    <style>
        .content {
            background-color: lightgreen;
            height: 150px;
            width: 200px;
            overflow-y: hidden;
        }
 
        button {
            margin-top: 60px;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body>
    <h1 style="color: green">
        GeeksforGeeks
    </h1>
     
    <b>DOM Style overflowY Property</b>
     
    <p>
        The overflowY property specifies the
        behavior of content when it overflows
        a block-level element’s top and
        bottom edges.
    </p>
     
    <div class = "content">
        GeeksforGeeks is a computer science portal
        with a huge variety of well written and
        explained computer science and programming
        articles, quizzes and interview questions.
        <br>The portal also has dedicated GATE
        preparation and competitive programming
        sections.
    </div>
     
    <button onclick = "myGeeks()">
        Change overflowY
    </button>
     
    <!-- script to create overflowY -->
    <script>
        function myGeeks() {
            elem = document.querySelector('.content');
            elem.style.overflowY = 'scroll';
        }
    </script>
</body>
 
</html>                   

  • Output: Before click on the button:

  

After click on the button: 

scroll-after

  • hidden: The content is clipped and hidden to fit the element. No scrollbars are provided when using this value. 

Example: 

html




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
     
<head>
    <title>
        DOM Style overflowY Property
    </title>
     
    <style>
        .content {
            background-color: lightgreen;
            height: 150px;
            width: 200px;
        }
 
        button {
            margin-top: 60px;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body>
    <h1 style="color: green">
        GeeksforGeeks
    </h1>
     
    <b>DOM Style overflowY Property</b>
     
    <p>
        The overflowY property specifies the
        behavior of content when it overflows
        a block-level element’s top and
        bottom edges.
    </p>
     
    <div class = "content">
        GeeksforGeeks is a computer science portal
        with a huge variety of well written and
        explained computer science and programming
        articles, quizzes and interview questions.
        <br>The portal also has dedicated GATE
        preparation and competitive programming
        sections.
    </div>
     
    <button onclick = "myGeeks()">
        Change overflowY
    </button>
     
    <!-- script to create overflowY -->
    <script>
        function myGeeks() {
            elem = document.querySelector('.content');
            elem.style.overflowY = 'hidden';
        }
    </script>
</body>
 
</html>                   

  • Output: Before click on the button:

 hidden-before 

After click on the button:

 hidden-after

  • visible: The content is not clipped and may overflow out to the top or bottom of the containing element. 

Example: 

html




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
     
<head>
    <title>
        DOM Style overflowY Property
    </title>
     
    <style>
        .content {
            background-color: lightgreen;
            height: 150px;
            width: 200px;
            overflow-y: hidden;
        }
 
        button {
            margin-top: 60px;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body>
    <h1 style = "color: green">
        GeeksforGeeks
    </h1>
     
    <b>DOM Style overflowY Property</b>
     
    <p>
        The overflowY property specifies the
        behavior of content when it overflows
        a block-level element’s top and bottom
        edges.
    </p>
     
    <div class = "content">
        GeeksforGeeks is a computer science
        portal with a huge variety of well
        written and explained computer science
        and programming articles, quizzes and
        interview questions. <br>The portal
        also has dedicated GATE preparation
        and competitive programming sections.
    </div>
     
    <button onclick = "myGeeks()">
        Change overflowY
    </button>
     
    <!-- script to use oveflowY property -->
    <script>
        function myGeeks() {
            elem = document.querySelector('.content');
            elem.style.overflowY = 'visible';
        }
    </script>
</body>
 
</html>                   

  • Output: Before click on the button:

 visible-before 

After click on the button:

 visible-after

  • auto: The behavior of auto depends on the content and scrollbars are added only when the content overflows. 

Example: 

html




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
     
<head>
    <title>
        DOM Style overflowY Property
    </title>
     
    <style>
        .content {
            background-color: lightgreen;
            height: 150px;
            width: 200px;
        }
 
        button {
            margin-top: 60px;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body>
    <h1 style = "color: green">
        GeeksforGeeks
    </h1>
     
    <b>DOM Style overflowY Property</b>
     
    <p>
        The overflowY property specifies the
        behavior of content when it overflows
        a block-level element’s top and bottom
        edges.
    </p>
     
    <div class = "content">
        GeeksforGeeks is a computer science
        portal with a huge variety of well
        written and explained computer science
        and programming articles, quizzes and
        interview questions. <br>The portal
        also has dedicated GATE preparation
        and competitive programming sections.
    </div>
     
    <button onclick = "myGeeks()">
        Change overflowY
    </button>
     
    <!-- script to use oveflowY property -->
    <script>
        function myGeeks() {
            elem = document.querySelector('.content');
            elem.style.overflowY = 'auto';
        }
    </script>
</body>
 
</html>                   

  • Output: Before click on the button:

 auto-before 

After click on the button:

 auto-after

  • initial: It sets the style overflowY property to its default value. 

Example: 

html




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
     
<head>
    <title>
        DOM Style overflowY Property
    </title>
     
    <style>
        .content {
            background-color: lightgreen;
            height: 150px;
            width: 200px;
            overflow-y: scroll;
        }
 
        button {
            margin-top: 60px;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body>
    <h1 style = "color: green">
        GeeksforGeeks
    </h1>
     
    <b>DOM Style overflowY Property</b>
     
    <p>
        The overflowY property specifies the
        behavior of content when it overflows
        a block-level element’s top and bottom
        edges.
    </p>
     
    <div class = "content">
        GeeksforGeeks is a computer science
        portal with a huge variety of well
        written and explained computer science
        and programming articles, quizzes and
        interview questions. <br>The portal
        also has dedicated GATE preparation
        and competitive programming sections.
    </div>
     
    <button onclick = "myGeeks()">
        Change overflowY
    </button>
     
    <!-- script to use oveflowY property -->
    <script>
        function myGeeks() {
            elem = document.querySelector('.content');
            elem.style.overflowY = 'initial';
        }
    </script>
</body>
 
</html>                   

  • Output: Before click on the button: 

initial-before 

After click on the button:

 initial-after

  • inherit: This inherits the property from its parent. 

Example: 

html




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
     
<head>
    <title>
        DOM Style overflowY Property
    </title>
     
    <style>
        #parent {
             
            /* setting the parent div
            to 'auto' */
            overflow-y: auto;
        }
 
        .content {
            background-color: lightgreen;
            height: 150px;
            width: 200px;
        }
 
        button {
            margin-top: 60px;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body>
    <h1 style = "color: green;">
        GeeksforGeeks
    </h1>
     
    <b>DOM Style overflowY Property</b>
     
    <p>
        The overflowY property specifies the
        behavior of content when it overflows
        a block-level element’s top and bottom
        edges.
    </p>
     
    <div id = "parent">
        <div class = "content">
            GeeksforGeeks is a computer science
            portal with a huge variety of well
            written and explained computer science
            and programming articles, quizzes and
            interview questions. <br>The portal
            also has dedicated GATE preparation and
            competitive programming sections.
        </div>
    </div>
     
    <button onclick = "myGeeks()">
        Change overflowY
    </button>
     
    <!-- script to set style overflowY property -->
    <script>
        function myGeeks() {
            elem = document.querySelector('.content');
            elem.style.overflowY = 'inherit';
        }
    </script>
</body>
 
</html>                   

  • Output: Before click on the button:

 inherit-before 

After click on the button: 

inherit-after

Supported Browsers: The browser supported by DOM style overflowY property are listed below:

  • Chrome 1 and above
  • Edge 12 and above
  • Internet Explorer 5 and above
  • Firefox 3.5 and above
  • Safari 3 and above
  • Opera 9.5 and above

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