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HTML | DOM parentElement Property

  • Last Updated : 26 Jul, 2019

The DOM parentElement property is used to returns the parent element of a particular child element. It is a read-only property. The parentElement and parentNode property are similar and the only difference is the parentElement property returns null if the parent node is not an element.

Syntax:

node.parentElement

Return Value: It returns a string which represents the parent node of any child node or it returns a null if the specified node does not contain any parent node.

Example 1:




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
    <head>
        <title>
            HTML DOM parentElement Property
        </title>
    </head>
      
    <body>
        <h1 style = "color:green;">
            GeeksForGeeks
        </h1>
          
        <h2>DOM parentElement Property</h2>
          
        <ol type = "1">
            <li id = "GFG">Quick Sort</li>
            <li>Merge Sort</li>
            <li>Selection Sort</li>
            <li>Heap Sort</li>
        </ol>
          
        <button onclick="Geeks()">
            Submit
        </button>
          
        <p id="sudo"></p>
          
        <!-- script to find parentElement -->
        <script>
            function Geeks() {
            var w = 
                document.getElementById("GFG").parentElement.nodeName;
            document.getElementById("sudo").innerHTML = w;
            }
        </script>
    </body>
</html>                    

Output:
Before click on the button:

After click on the button:



Example 2: This example hide the parent element to click on the close icon.




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
    <head>
        <title>
            HTML DOM parentElement Property
        </title>
          
        <!-- CSS property to create box-->
        <style>
            div {
                padding: 16px;
                width: 70%;
                background-color: green;
                color: white;
                border-radius:30px;
            }
            .GFG {
                float: right;
                font-size: 30px;
                font-weight: bold;
                cursor: pointer;
            }
        </style>
    </head>
      
    <body>
        <center>
            <h2>DOM parentElement Property</h2>
              
            <div>
                <span class = "GFG"
                      onclick = "this.parentElement.style.display
                              = 'none';">
                 ×
                </span>
                  
                <p style="font-size:30px;">GeeksforGeeks.</p>
            </div>
        </center>
    </body>
</html>                    

output:
Before click on the cross icon:

After click on the cross icon:

Supported Browsers: The browser supported by DOM parentElement property are listed below:

  • Google Chrome 1.0
  • Internet Explorer
  • Firefox 9.0
  • Opera
  • Safari

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