HTML | DOM KeyboardEvent location Property

The KeyboardEvent location property is used for returning a number that indicates the location of a key on the keyboard or device.
The KeyboardEvent location property can be used on the onkeydown and onkeyup events but not on onkeypress.

The number returned by KeyboardEvent location property is represented by 4 constants:

Constant Location Description
0 DOM_KEY_LOCATION_STANDARD This value represents almost every key on the keyboard, e.g. “B”, “R”, “SPACE” or “8”.
1 DOM_KEY_LOCATION_LEFT This value represents a left key, e.g. the left “CTRL” key or left “ALT” key.
2 DOM_KEY_LOCATION_RIGHT This value represents a right key, e.g. the right “CTRL” key or right “ALT” key.
3 DOM_KEY_LOCATION_NUMPAD This value represents a numeric key or a numpad key.



Below program illustrates the KeyboardEvent location property :

Example-1: Getting the location of a key.





<!DOCTYPE html>
    <title>KeyboardEvent location Property in HTML
        div {
            border: 3px solid green;
            height: 100px;
            width: 500px;
        h1 {
            color: green;
        h2 {
            font-family: Impact;
        body {
            text-align: center;
    <h2>KeyboardEvent location Property</h2>
    <p>To return the location of a key,
      insert some character in the field.</p>
    <input type="text" 
    <p id="test"></p>
        function keyboard(event) {
            //  Return location of key.
            var gfg = event.location;
            document.getElementById("test").innerHTML = 
              "Location of the pressed key is : " + gfg;


Before pressing a button:

After pressing a button:

Supported Browsers:

  • Opera
  • Internet Explorer
  • Google Chrome
  • Firefox
  • Apple Safari


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