# How to validate PAN Card number using Regular Expression

• Difficulty Level : Hard
• Last Updated : 27 Jan, 2021

Given string str of alphanumeric characters, the task is to check whether the string is a valid PAN (Permanent Account Number) Card number or not by using Regular Expression.
The valid PAN Card number must satisfy the following conditions:

1. It should be ten characters long.
2. The first five characters should be any upper case alphabets.
3. The next four-characters should be any number from 0 to 9.
4. The last(tenth) character should be any upper case alphabet.
5. It should not contain any white spaces.

Examples:

Input: str = “BNZAA2318J”
Output: true
Explanation:
The given string satisfies all the above mentioned conditions.

Input: str = “23ZAABN18J”
Output: false
Explanation:
The given string not starts with upper case alphabets, therefore it is not a valid PAN Card number.

Input: str = “BNZAA2318JM”
Output: false
Explanation:
The given string contains eleven characters, therefore it is not a valid PAN Card number.

Input: str = “BNZAA23184”
Output: true
Explanation:
The last(tenth) character of this string is a numeric(0-9) character, therefore it is not a valid PAN Card number.

Input: str = “BNZAA 23184”
Output: true
Explanation:
The given string contains white spaces, therefore it is not a valid PAN Card number.

Approach: This problem can be solved by using Regular Expression.

• Get the string.
• Create a regular expression to validate the PAN Card number as mentioned below:
`regex = "[A-Z]{5}[0-9]{4}[A-Z]{1}";`
• Where:
• [A-Z]{5} represents the first five upper case alphabets which can be A to Z.
• [0-9]{4} represents the four numbers which can be 0-9.
• [A-Z]{1} represents the one upper case alphabet which can be A to Z.
• Match the given string with the regex, in Java, this can be done using Pattern.matcher().
• Return true if the string matches with the given regex, else return false.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## Java

 `// Java program to validate the``// PAN Card number using Regular Expression` `import` `java.util.regex.*;` `class` `GFG``{` `    ``// Function to validate the PAN Card number.``    ``public` `static` `boolean` `isValidPanCardNo(String panCardNo)``    ``{` `        ``// Regex to check valid PAN Card number.``        ``String regex = ``"[A-Z]{5}[0-9]{4}[A-Z]{1}"``;` `        ``// Compile the ReGex``        ``Pattern p = Pattern.compile(regex);` `        ``// If the PAN Card number``        ``// is empty return false``        ``if` `(panCardNo == ``null``)``        ``{``            ``return` `false``;``        ``}` `        ``// Pattern class contains matcher() method``        ``// to find matching between given``        ``// PAN Card number using regular expression.``        ``Matcher m = p.matcher(panCardNo);` `        ``// Return if the PAN Card number``        ``// matched the ReGex``        ``return` `m.matches();``    ``}` `    ``// Driver Code.``    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String args[])``    ``{` `        ``// Test Case 1:``        ``String str1 = ``"BNZAA2318J"``;``        ``System.out.println(isValidPanCardNo(str1));` `        ``// Test Case 2:``        ``String str2 = ``"23ZAABN18J"``;``        ``System.out.println(isValidPanCardNo(str2));` `        ``// Test Case 3:``        ``String str3 = ``"BNZAA2318JM"``;``        ``System.out.println(isValidPanCardNo(str3));` `        ``// Test Case 4:``        ``String str4 = ``"BNZAA23184"``;``        ``System.out.println(isValidPanCardNo(str4));` `        ``// Test Case 5:``        ``String str5 = ``"BNZAA 23184"``;``        ``System.out.println(isValidPanCardNo(str5));``    ``}``}`

## Python3

 `# Python3 program to validate the``# PAN Card number using Regular``# Expression``import` `re` `# Function to validate the``# PAN Card number.`  `def` `isValidPanCardNo(panCardNo):` `    ``# Regex to check valid``    ``# PAN Card number``    ``regex ``=` `"[A-Z]{5}[0-9]{4}[A-Z]{1}"` `    ``# Compile the ReGex``    ``p ``=` `re.``compile``(regex)` `    ``# If the PAN Card number``    ``# is empty return false``    ``if``(panCardNo ``=``=` `None``):``        ``return` `False` `    ``# Return if the PAN Card number``    ``# matched the ReGex``    ``if``(re.search(p, panCardNo) ``and``       ``len``(panCardNo) ``=``=` `10``):``        ``return` `True``    ``else``:``        ``return` `False` `# Driver Code.`  `# Test Case 1:``str1 ``=` `"BNZAA2318J"``print``(isValidPanCardNo(str1))` `# Test Case 2:``str2 ``=` `"23ZAABN18J"``print``(isValidPanCardNo(str2))` `# Test Case 3:``str3 ``=` `"BNZAA2318JM"``print``(isValidPanCardNo(str3))` `# Test Case 4:``str4 ``=` `"BNZAA23184"``print``(isValidPanCardNo(str4))` `# Test Case 5:``str5 ``=` `"BNZAA 23184"``print``(isValidPanCardNo(str5))` `# This code is contributed by avanitrachhadiya2155`

## C++

 `// C++ program to validate the``// PAN Card number using Regular``//  Expression` `#include ``#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `// Function to validate the``// PAN Card number.``bool` `isValidPanCardNo(string panCardNo)``{` `    ``// Regex to check valid``    ``// PAN Card number.``    ``const` `regex pattern(``"[A-Z]{5}[0-9]{4}[A-Z]{1}"``);` `    ``// If the PAN Card number``    ``// is empty return false``    ``if` `(panCardNo.empty()) {``        ``return` `false``;``    ``}` `    ``// Return true if the PAN Card number``    ``// matched the ReGex``    ``if` `(regex_match(panCardNo, pattern))``    ``{``        ``return` `true``;``    ``}``    ``else``    ``{``        ``return` `false``;``    ``}``}` `// Driver Code``int` `main()``{``    ``// Test Case 1:``    ``string str1 = ``"BNZAA2318J"``;``    ``cout << isValidPanCardNo(str1) << endl;` `    ``// Test Case 2:``    ``string str2 = ``"23ZAABN18J"``;``    ``cout << isValidPanCardNo(str2) << endl;` `    ``// Test Case 3:``    ``string str3 = ``"BNZAA2318JM"``;``    ``cout << isValidPanCardNo(str3) << endl;` `    ``// Test Case 4:``    ``string str4 = ``"BNZAA23184"``;``    ``cout << isValidPanCardNo(str4) << endl;` `    ``// Test Case 5:``    ``string str5 = ``"BNZAA 23184"``;``    ``cout << isValidPanCardNo(str5) << endl;` `    ``return` `0;``}` `// This code is contributed by yuvraj_chandra`
Output
```true
false
false
false
false
```

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