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How to Use Different Row Methods to Get Number of Rows in a Table in JDBC?

  • Last Updated : 16 Jul, 2021

Java supports many databases and for each database, we need to have their respective jar files to be placed in the build path to proceed for JDBC connectivity. For different databases, different jar files are imported to make a connection given below or their built path is supposed to be added for specific databases.

  • Types of Database
    • SQL
      • MySQL: mysql-connector-java-8.0.22
      • PostgreSQL
      • Oracle: ojdbc14.jar
      • Microsoft SQL server
    • NoSQL
      • MongoDB: mongo-java-driver-3.12.7
      • BigTable
      • Redis
      • Progress
      • Casandra
      • CouchDB
      • RavenDB

Illustration: SQL and Oracle databases are mostly used for illustration. Here SQL database is taken into consideration. Here Table_Name is Table name. Here it will take all columns and count the rows.

Input: Existing data in the table is shown in the below image

  • SQL server used: sqljdbc4.jar
  • SQL table used

CREATE TABLE `studentsdetails` (
`id` int(6) unsigned NOT NULL,
`Name` varchar(50) NOT NULL,
`caste` varchar(10) NOT NULL,
`NeetMarks` int(11) NOT NULL,
`gender` varchar(10) DEFAULT NULL,
PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1;

Approaches: 



A less efficient way of creating a query

select count(*) from Table_Name;

A more efficient way of creating a query

select count(1) from Table_Name;

This query will take the first column and count the rows. As mostly, Primary key is the first column, it is ideal enough as the Primary key is always unique and not null.

Example 1Example 2
It will give only one row as output containing a number of rows. Hence, ‘resultset’ will be kept as next itself.select * will bring the whole resultset and the cursor is forced to move last and finally  ‘resultset.getRow()’ method will give the number of rows. 
It is more efficientIt is comparatively less efficient

 Example 1: To get the number of rows in a table in JDBC by selecting count(1) from ‘studentsdetails’ will provide the result as 5.

Java




/* Java Program to use different row methods
to get no of rows in a table in JDBC */
 
// Step 1: Importing database libraries
import java.sql.*;
 
// Only main class- GFG is shown
// connection class object is used
public class GFG {
 
    // Main driver method
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
 
        // Initially connection is assigned Null valued
        Connection con = null;
        ResultSet res = null;
 
        // Try block to check exceptions
        try {
 
            /* Step 2: Load and register drivers or
               relevant jars in build path of project */
 
            // Here- 'mysql-connector-java-8.0.22'
            // is used usinf Class.forNmae() method
            Class.forName("com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver");
 
            /* Step 3: Establish a connection using
                       DriverManager method */
            con = DriverManager.getConnection(
                "jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/test?serverTimezone=UTC",
                "root", "");
 
            // Try block to check exceptions
            try {
                Statement st = con.createStatement();
                /* This query will take first column and
                 count the rows. As mostly, Primary key is
                 the first column, it is ideal enough as
                 Primary key is always unique and not
                 null */
 
                /* Step 4: Create a statement */
 
                /* Alias name is used as NumberOfRows
                for COUNT(1) Moving the cursor to the
                last row */
                res = st.executeQuery(
                    "SELECT COUNT(1) as NumberOfRows FROM "
                    + "studentsdetails");
 
                /* Step 5: Execute the query */
                res.next();
 
                /* Step 6: Process the results */
                System.out.println(
                    "MySQL Table -  studentsdetails contains "
                    + res.getInt("NumberOfRows") + " rows");
            }
 
            // Catch block to handle exceptions
            catch (SQLException s) {
                // Messege to be displayed if SQLException
                // occurs
                System.out.println(
                    "SQL statement is not executed!");
            }
        }
        catch (Exception e) {
 
            /* Displaying line where exception occured using
               method returning line number in code */
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
 
        finally {
 
            // Step 7: Closeing the connection
            res = null;
            con = null;
        }
    }
}

 
 

Output:

 



 

Example 2: To get the number of rows in a table in JDBC

 

Java




/* Step 1: Importing Database libraries */
import java.sql.*;
 
/* Only main class-GFG is shown
Connection class of JDBC is not shown.
Object of connection class is used */
public class GFG {
 
    // Main driver method
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
 
        /* Objects are assigned null
          before any execution */
 
        // Connection class objects
        Connection con = null;
        ResultSet res = null;
 
        // Try block to check exceptions
        try {
 
            /* Step 2: Load and register drivers
            or relevant jars in build path of project */
 
            // Driver used- 'mysql-connector-java-8.0.22'
 
            // Loading and register drivers
            // using Class.forname() method
            Class.forName("com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver");
 
            /* Step 3: Create a connection */
            // using DriverManager
            con = DriverManager.getConnection(
                "jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/test?serverTimezone=UTC",
                "root", "");
 
            // Display message when connection
            // is successfully established
            System.out.println(
                "Connection is established");
 
            // Try block to check exceptions
            try {
 
                /* In order to avoid Result set type is
                 TYPE_FORWARD_ONLY */
 
                Statement st = con.createStatement(
                    ResultSet.TYPE_SCROLL_SENSITIVE,
                    ResultSet.CONCUR_READ_ONLY);
                /* Query takes first column and
                 count the rows. As mostly, Primary key is
                  the first column, it is ideal enough as
                  Primary key is always unique & not null.
                 */
 
                /* Step 4: Creating the statement */
                res = st.executeQuery("SELECT *  FROM "
                                      + "studentsdetails");
                /* Step 5: Execute the statements */
                // Moving the cursor to the last row
                res.last();
 
                /* Step 6: Process the results */
                System.out.println(
                    "MySQL Table -  studentsdetails contains "
                    + res.getRow() + " rows");
            }
 
            // Catch block to handle exceptions
            catch (SQLException s) {
 
                // Exception handled if it is SQL based
                System.out.println(
                    "SQL statement is not executed!"
                    + s.getMessage());
            }
        }
        catch (Exception e) {
 
            // Exception handled here if it is generic
            // program based
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        finally {
 
            // Step 7: Closing the connection
            res = null;
            con = null;
        }
    }
}

 
 

Output: 
 

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