Skip to content
Related Articles
Open in App
Not now

Related Articles

How to trigger a file download when clicking an HTML button or JavaScript?

Improve Article
Save Article
  • Difficulty Level : Hard
  • Last Updated : 10 Nov, 2022
Improve Article
Save Article

To trigger a file download on a button click we will use a custom function or HTML 5 download attribute.

Approach 1: Using Download attribute 

The download attribute simply uses an anchor tag to prepare the location of the file that needs to be downloaded. The name of the file can be set using the attribute value name, if not provided then the original filename will be used.

Syntax:

<a download="filename">
  • filename: attribute specifies the name of the file that will be downloaded.

Example: 

html




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
   <body>
      <style>
         p {
         color: green;
         }
      </style>
      <p>How to trigger a file download when
         clicking an HTML button or JavaScript?
      <p>
         <!-- GFG is the name of the
            file to be downloaded-->
         <!-- In order to run the code,
            the location of the file
            "geeksforgeeks.png" needs to
            be changed to your local directory,
            both the HTML and downloadable file
            needs to be present in the same directory -->
         <a href="geeksforgeeks.png" download="GFG">
         <button type="button">Download</button>
         </a>
   </body>
</html>

Output: 

Approach 2: Using a custom javascript function 

  • first made a textarea where all the text input will be issued.
  • make an anchor tag using the createElement property and then assign it the download and href attribute.
  • encodeURIComponent will encode everything with special meaning, so you use it for components of URIs. 
    For example, if we have text like “Hello: Geek ?”, there are special characters in this, so encodeURIComponent will encode them and append it for further usage.
  • data:text/plain; charset=utf-8 is the attribute value of href (like href=” “), it specifies that the value must be of type text and with UTF-8 type encoding. The click() method simulates a mouse click on an element.
  • After that we simply call our download function with the text from textarea and our file name “GFG.txt” as parameters on the input button with id ‘btn’.

Example: 

html




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
   <body>
      <style>
         p {
         color: green;
         }
      </style>
      <p>
          How to trigger a file download when
          clicking an HTML button or JavaScript?
      <p>
         <textarea id="text">
             Welcome to GeeksforGeeks
         </textarea>
         <br/>
         <input type="button" id="btn"
                value="Download" />
         <script>
            function download(file, text) {
             
                //creating an invisible element
                var element = document.createElement('a');
                element.setAttribute('href',
                'data:text/plain;charset=utf-8, '
                + encodeURIComponent(text));
                element.setAttribute('download', file);
             
                // Above code is equivalent to
                // <a href="path of file" download="file name">
             
                document.body.appendChild(element);
             
                //onClick property
                element.click();
             
                document.body.removeChild(element);
            }
             
            // Start file download.
            document.getElementById("btn")
            .addEventListener("click", function() {
                // Generate download of hello.txt
                // file with some content
                var text = document.getElementById("text").value;
                var filename = "GFG.txt";
             
                download(filename, text);
            }, false);
         </script>
   </body>
</html>

Output: 

Approach 3: Using a custom javascript function with Axios Library

In this example, we will download images and file using Axios. This requires a little intermediate knowledge of the JavaScript to work and in this example a Axios library will be used.

html




<!DOCTYPE html>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
   <head>
      <title>Download Images using Axios</title>
      <style>
         .scroll {
         height: 1000px;
         background-color: white;
         }
      </style>
   </head>
   <body>
      <p id="dest">
      <h1 style="color: green">
         GeeksforGeeks
      </h1>
      </p>
      <button onclick="download()">
          Download Image
      </button>
      <p class="scroll">
         By clicking the download button
         will generate a random image.
      </p>
   </body>
   <script src=
   </script>
   <script>
      function download(){
          axios({
              url:'https://source.unsplash.com/random/500x500',
              method:'GET',
              responseType: 'blob'
      })
      .then((response) => {
             const url = window.URL
             .createObjectURL(new Blob([response.data]));
                    const link = document.createElement('a');
                    link.href = url;
                    link.setAttribute('download', 'image.jpg');
                    document.body.appendChild(link);
                    link.click();
      })
      }
       
   </script>
</html>
</html>

Output: 

JavaScript is best known for web page development but it is also used in a variety of non-browser environments. You can learn JavaScript from the ground up by following this JavaScript Tutorial and JavaScript Examples.


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Related Articles

Start Your Coding Journey Now!