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How to Swap Two Elements in an ArrayList in Java?

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  • Last Updated : 01 Jul, 2021

We can swap two elements of Array List using Collections.swap() method. This method accepts three arguments. The first argument is the ArrayList and the other two arguments are the indices of the elements. This method returns nothing. 

Syntax:

public static void swap(List list, int a, int b);

Parameters

  • list: An ArrayList or any List implementing class in which elements are swapped
  • a: index of the first element
  • b: index of the second element

Exception: It throws IndexOutOfBoundsException if the index of Array List is less than 0 or greater than the size of the ArrayList.

Example 1

Java




// Java program to swap two elements in an ArrayList
 
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;
 
public class GFG {
 
    public static void main(String a[])
    {
 
        // Create the Array List
        ArrayList<String> ArrList = new ArrayList<String>();
 
        // add the values in Array List
        ArrList.add("Item 1");
        ArrList.add("Item 2");
        ArrList.add("Item 3");
        ArrList.add("Item 4");
        ArrList.add("Item 5");
 
        // display Array List before swap
        System.out.println("Before Swap the ArrayList ");
        System.out.println(ArrList);
 
        // Swapping the elements at 1 and 2 indices
        Collections.swap(ArrList, 1, 2);
 
        // display Array List after swap
        System.out.println("After Swap the ArrayList");
        System.out.println(ArrList);
    }
}

 
 

Output

Before Swap the ArrayList 
[Item 1, Item 2, Item 3, Item 4, Item 5]
After Swap the ArrayList
[Item 1, Item 3, Item 2, Item 4, Item 5]

 

Example 2

 

Java




// Java program to swap two elements in an ArrayList
 
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;
 
public class GFG {
 
    public static void main(String a[]) throws Exception
    {
 
        // Create the Array List
        ArrayList<String> ArrList = new ArrayList<String>();
 
        // add the values in Array List
        ArrList.add("Item 1");
        ArrList.add("Item 2");
        ArrList.add("Item 3");
        ArrList.add("Item 4");
        ArrList.add("Item 5");
 
        // display Array List before swap
        System.out.println("Before Swap the ArrayList ");
        System.out.println(ArrList);
 
        // Swapping the elements at -1 and 2 indices
        // Throws IndexOutOfBounds Exception
        Collections.swap(ArrList, -1, 2);
    }
}

 

 

Output

 

Exception in thread "main" java.lang.IndexOutOfBoundsException: Index -1 out of bounds for length 5
    at java.base/jdk.internal.util.Preconditions.outOfBounds(Preconditions.java:64)
    at java.base/jdk.internal.util.Preconditions.outOfBoundsCheckIndex(Preconditions.java:70)
    at java.base/jdk.internal.util.Preconditions.checkIndex(Preconditions.java:248)
    at java.base/java.util.Objects.checkIndex(Objects.java:372)
    at java.base/java.util.ArrayList.get(ArrayList.java:458)
    at java.base/java.util.Collections.swap(Collections.java:501)
    at GFG.main(GFG.java:27)

 


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