How to set the RadioButton to Checked State in C#?

In Windows Forms, RadioButton control is used to select a single option among the group of the options. For example, select your gender from the given list, so you will choose only one option among three options like Male or Female or Transgender. In Windows Forms, you are allowed to set a value which represents the RadioButton control is checked using the Checked Property of the RadioButton.
If the value of this property is set to true, then RadioButton is checked and if the value of this property is set to false, then RadioButton is not checked. The default value of this property is false. You can set this property in two different ways:

1. Design-Time: It is the easiest way to set a value which represents the RadioButton is checked as shown in the following steps:

  • Step 1: Create a windows form as shown in the below image:
    Visual Studio -> File -> New -> Project -> WindowsFormApp
  • Step 2: Drag the RadioButton control from the ToolBox and drop it on the windows form. You are allowed to place a RadioButton control anywhere on the windows form according to your need.
  • Step 3: After drag and drop you will go to the properties of the RadioButton control to set a value which represents the RadioButton control is checked.



    Output:

2. Run-Time: It is a little bit trickier than the above method. In this method, you can set a value which represents the RadioButton control is checked programmatically with the help of given syntax:

public bool Checked { get; set; }

The value of this property is of System.Boolean type. The following steps show how to set the Checked property of the RadioButton dynamically:

  • Step 1: Create a radio button using the RadioButton() constructor is provided by the RadioButton class.
    // Creating radio button
    RadioButton r1 = new RadioButton();
    
  • Step 2: After creating RadioButton, set the Checked property of the RadioButton provided by the RadioButton class.
    // Setting the Checked property of the radio button
    r1.Checked = true;
    
  • Step 3: And last add this RadioButton control to the form using Add() method.
    // Add this radio button to the form
    this.Controls.Add(r1);
    

    Example:

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    using System;
    using System.Collections.Generic;
    using System.ComponentModel;
    using System.Data;
    using System.Drawing;
    using System.Linq;
    using System.Text;
    using System.Threading.Tasks;
    using System.Windows.Forms;
      
    namespace WindowsFormsApp24 {
      
    public partial class Form1 : Form {
      
        public Form1()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }
      
        private void RadioButton2_CheckedChanged(object sender, 
                                                   EventArgs e)
        {
        }
      
        private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            // Creating and setting label
            Label l = new Label();
            l.AutoSize = true;
            l.Location = new Point(176, 40);
            l.Text = "Select Post";
      
            // Adding this label to the form
            this.Controls.Add(l);
      
            // Creating and setting the 
            // properties of the RadioButton
            RadioButton r1 = new RadioButton();
            r1.AutoSize = true;
            r1.Text = "Intern";
            r1.Location = new Point(286, 40);
            r1.Checked = true;
      
            // Adding this label to the form
            this.Controls.Add(r1);
      
            // Creating and setting the
            // properties of the RadioButton
            RadioButton r2 = new RadioButton();
            r2.AutoSize = true;
            r2.Text = "Team Leader";
            r2.Location = new Point(356, 40);
            r2.Checked = false;
      
            // Adding this label to the form
            this.Controls.Add(r2);
      
            // Creating and setting the 
            // properties of the RadioButton
            RadioButton r3 = new RadioButton();
            r3.AutoSize = true;
            r3.Text = "Software Engineer";
            r3.Location = new Point(470, 40);
            r3.Checked = true;
      
            // Adding this label to the form
            this.Controls.Add(r3);
        }
    }
    }

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    Output:

    Before setting the Checked property:

    After setting the Checked property:



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