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How to set the default value for an HTML <select> element?
  • Last Updated : 14 May, 2019

The select tag in HTML is used to create a dropdown list of options which can be selected. The option tag contains the value that would be used when selected.

The default value of the select element can be set by using the ‘selected’ attribute on the required option. This is a boolean attribute.
The option that is having the ‘selected’ attribute will be displayed by default on the dropdown list.

Syntax:

<option value="value" selected>Option Name</option>

Example-1: Using the selected attribute.




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  
<head>
    <title>
        set the default value for <select> element
    </title>
</head>
  
<body>
    <h1 style="color: green">GeeksforGeeks</h1>
    <b>
      How to set the default 
      value for an HTML <select> element?
  </b>
    <p>The Starter option will be selected by default</p>
    <p>Choose your plan below:</p>
    
    <select name="plan" id="plan">
        <option value="free">Free</option>
        <option value="starter" selected>Starter </option>
        <option value="professional">Professional</option>
        <option value="corporate">Corporate</option>
    </select>
</body>
  
</html>

Output:
Before clicking the list:
ex1-before



After clicking the list:
ex1-after

Example-2: This can also be used to add messages like ‘Select an Option’ in the list. This option would have the hidden and disabled attribute in addition to selected.




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  
<head>
    <title>
      Set the default value for <select> element
  </title>
</head>
  
<body>
    <h1 style="color: green">GeeksforGeeks</h1>
    <b>How to set the default value for an 
       HTML <select> element?</b>
    <p>The Select an Option would be shown by default.</p>
    <p>Choose your plan below:</p>
    
    <select name="plan" id="plan">
        <option value="none" selected disabled hidden>
          Select an Option
      </option>
        <option value="free">Free</option>
        <option value="starter">Starter </option>
        <option value="professional">Professional</option>
        <option value="corporate">Corporate</option>
    </select>
</body>
  
</html>

Output:
Before clicking the list:
ex2-before

After clicking the list:
ex2-after

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