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How to set an object key inside a state object in React Hooks?
  • Last Updated : 14 Jan, 2021

We can update a React hooks state object that has a nested object containing objects with index keys with the following approach, Before doing so, consider the following example:

Example: Following is the default state object:

const [data, setData] = useState({
   name:'',
   contact:'',
   address:{
     0:{},
     1:{},
   }
})

Following is the desired output after updating a nested object:

{
  name:'',
  contact:'',
  address:{
    0:{"city":'jaipur'},
    1:{},
  }  
}

Solution: We can use the below syntax to set an object key inside a state object:

data.address[0].city = 'jaipur';
setData({...data});

Creating React Application:



Step 1: Create a React application using the following command:

npx create-react-app foldername

Step 2: After creating your project folder i.e. foldername, move to it using the following command:

cd foldername

Filename: App.js

Javascript

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import React, { Component, useState } from "react";
  
const App = () => {
  const [data, setData] = useState({
    name: '',
    contact: '',
    address: {
      0: {},
      1: {},
    }
  })
  
  const handleUpdate = () => {
    data.address[0].city = 'jaipur';
    setData({ ...data });
  }
  
  return (
    <div >
      <button
        style={{ margin: 100 }}
        onClick={() => { handleUpdate() }} >
        change state
      </button>
      { data.address[0].city + " "}
    </div>
  );
}
  
export default App;

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Step to Run Application: Run the application using the following command from the root directory of the project:

npm start

Output: 

  • Following will be the output before clicking the button:

    Before Click

  • Following will be the output after clicking the button:

    After Click

react-js-img

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