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How to read image from SQL using Python?
  • Last Updated : 15 Mar, 2021

In this article, we are going to discuss how to read an image or file from SQL using python. For doing the practical implementation, We will use MySQL database.  First, We need to connect our Python Program with MySQL database. For doing this task, we need to follow these below steps:

Steps to Connect Our Python Program with MySQL:

  • Install the MySQL Connector which Connects our program with MySQL database.
pip install mysql-connector-python
  • Now, Let’s import the first module named mysql.connector.
import mysql.connector
  • With the help of connect() method, We will create a connection between a Python Program and MySQL and Storing the connection in a connection object. We have to pass some arguments in this method such as host, database name, username, and password as in string format.

connection = mysql.connector.connect(host=’localhost’, database='<database_name>’, user='<User_name>’, password='<password>’)

  • After creating the connection object, We need to create a cursor object with the use of cursor() method.
cursor = connection.cursor()
  • Using cursor object for executing our SQL queries with execute() method.
cursor.execute("select * from table_name")
  • Once all gets done, we need to close all connections or resources.
cursor.close()
con.close()

Table Structure:



In this table, we have some data, let see how many already inserted. For checking, we need to run one command such as 

select id, name, LEFT(profile_pic, 30) as Profile_Pic, LEFT(imp_files, 30) as Imp_Files from demo;

Implementation:

Here, In the above image, we can see that we have only one record in the table. Now, Let’s see its practical Implementation:

Click here to download Image File and Text File.

Python3




# import module
import mysql.connector
  
#  function to cinvert data
def convert_data(data, file_name):
    # Convert binary format to images 
    # or files data(with given file_name)
    with open(file_name, 'wb') as file:
        file.write(data)
  
  
try:
    # establish connection
    connection = mysql.connector.connect(host='localhost'
                                         database='geeksforgeeks'
                                         user='root'
                                         password='shubhanshu')
    cursor = connection.cursor()
    # getting data by id value
    query = """ SELECT * from demo where id = %s """
  
    id = 1
    cursor.execute(query, (id,))
    records = cursor.fetchall()
    for row in records:
        print("Person Id = ", row[0])
        print("Person Name = ", row[1])
        image = row[2]
        file = row[3]
        # Pass path with filename where we want to save our file
        convert_data(image, "D:\GFG\images\One.png")
        # Pass path with filename where we want to save our file
        convert_data(file, "D:\GFG\content.txt")
  
    print("Successfully Retrieved Values from database")
  
except mysql.connector.Error as error:
    print(format(error))
  
finally:
    if connection.is_connected():
        cursor.close()
        connection.close()
        print("MySQL connection is closed")

Output:

Explanation:

Now, Let’s understand the above code,

  1. First, We are creating one function named convert_data and takes two arguments as data and filename. In this function, we are converting our binary data into human-readable or understandable form with the given file name. In the first argument, data stores binary data and in the second argument, filename holds the name for file which are retrieving from the database.
  2. Now, Creating a connection with MySQL database using the above python program.
  3. Creating one select SQL query, which retrieves data where id will be equal to given id(User will give this value).
  4. With the help of fetchall() method, we are retrieving all records which are having given id values and creating a list of those values.
  5. Using for loop, for retrieving the records one by one. For accessing each and every column, we are using indexing values such as 0 for Column 1, 1 for Column 2, and so on.
  6. Printing Data and Saving the retrieved files with the given file name.

Video Demonstration:

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