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How to make Bootstrap table with sticky table head?

  • Last Updated : 30 Jul, 2021

Tables that can be used for aligning/recording data properly but sometimes it happens that the data in the table is too long so in order to read the data properly the header respective to various columns should be available all the time while traversing the table. In such cases, a sticky table head is required to make the table more informative and accurate which can be implemented using CSS attributes i.e is position and top of the elements of the head row

Syntax:

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  • In CSS file:
    <style>
        .header{
            position:sticky;
            top: 0 ;
        }
    </style>
  • In HTML file:
    <th class="header" scope="col">

Below examples illustrates the approach:
Example 1: Table at the top with long list of columns and a fixed header.




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge" />
    <title>Document</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href=
        integrity=
"sha384-MCw98/SFnGE8fJT3GXwEOngsV7Zt27NXFoaoApmYm81iuXoPkFOJwJ8ERdknLPMO"
        crossorigin="anonymous" />
            integrity=
"sha384-q8i/X+965DzO0rT7abK41JStQIAqVgRVzpbzo5smXKp4YfRvH+8abtTE1Pi6jizo"
            crossorigin="anonymous">
    </script>
    <script src=
            integrity=
"sha384-ZMP7rVo3mIykV+2+9J3UJ46jBk0WLaUAdn689aCwoqbBJiSnjAK/l8WvCWPIPm49"
            crossorigin="anonymous">
    </script>
    <script src=
            integrity=
"sha384-ChfqqxuZUCnJSK3+MXmPNIyE6ZbWh2IMqE241rYiqJxyMiZ6OW/JmZQ5stwEULTy"
            crossorigin="anonymous">
    </script>
    <style>
        .header {
            position: sticky;
            top:0;
        }
        .container {
            width: 600px;
            height: 300px;
            overflow: auto;
        }
        h1{
            color: green;
        }
    </style>
</head>
  
<body>
    <div class="container">
        <h1>GeeksforGeeks</h1>
        <b>Sticky header in table</b>
    <table class="table">
        <thead style="position: sticky;top: 0" class="thead-dark">
            <tr>
                <th class="header" scope="col">Course</th>
                <th class="header" scope="col">Start Date</th>
                <th class="header" scope="col">Fees</th>
                <th class="header" scope="col">Type</th>
            </tr>
        </thead>
        <tbody>
            <tr>
                <td>CAT</td>
                <td>1st Aug</td>
                <td>Free</td>
                <td>Online</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>GATE</td>
                <td>5th July</td>
                <td>Free</td>
                <td>Online</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>DSA</td>
                <td>1st July</td>
                <td>2499</td>
                <td>Online</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>Java Backend</td>
                <td>28th March</td>
                <td>10999</td>
                <td>Offline</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>SDE</td>
                <td>1st Sept</td>
                <td>299</td>
                <td>Online</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>SUDO Placement</td>
                <td>20th Sept</td>
                <td>Free</td>
                <td>Online</td>
            </tr>
        </tbody>
    </table>
  
</body>
  
</html>                    

Output:



Example 2 Header with a text followed by table with a sticky header.




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="ie=edge" />
    <title>Document</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href=
        integrity=
"sha384-MCw98/SFnGE8fJT3GXwEOngsV7Zt27NXFoaoApmYm81iuXoPkFOJwJ8ERdknLPMO"
        crossorigin="anonymous" />
            integrity=
"sha384-q8i/X+965DzO0rT7abK41JStQIAqVgRVzpbzo5smXKp4YfRvH+8abtTE1Pi6jizo"
            crossorigin="anonymous">
    </script>
    <script src=
            integrity=
"sha384-ZMP7rVo3mIykV+2+9J3UJ46jBk0WLaUAdn689aCwoqbBJiSnjAK/l8WvCWPIPm49"
            crossorigin="anonymous">
    </script>
    <script src=
            integrity=
"sha384-ChfqqxuZUCnJSK3+MXmPNIyE6ZbWh2IMqE241rYiqJxyMiZ6OW/JmZQ5stwEULTy"
            crossorigin="anonymous">
    </script>
    <style>
        .header {
            position: sticky;
            top:0;
        }
         body {
             height: 800px;
         }
    </style>
</head>
  
<body>
    <table class="table">
        <thead style="position: sticky;top: 0" class="thead-dark">
            <tr>
                <th class="header" scope="col">Course</th>
                <th class="header" scope="col">Start Date</th>
                <th class="header" scope="col">Fees</th>
                <th class="header" scope="col">Type</th>
            </tr>
        </thead>
        <tbody>
            <tr>
                <td>CAT</td>
                <td>1st Aug</td>
                <td>Free</td>
                <td>Online</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>GATE</td>
                <td>5th July</td>
                <td>Free</td>
                <td>Online</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>DSA</td>
                <td>1st July</td>
                <td>2499</td>
                <td>Online</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>Java Backend</td>
                <td>28th March</td>
                <td>10999</td>
                <td>Offline</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>SDE</td>
                <td>1st Sept</td>
                <td>299</td>
                <td>Online</td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
                <td>SUDO Placement</td>
                <td>20th Sept</td>
                <td>Free</td>
                <td>Online</td>
            </tr>
        </tbody>
    </table>
</body>
  
</html>                              

Output:

CSS is the foundation of webpages, is used for webpage development by styling websites and web apps.You can learn CSS from the ground up by following this CSS Tutorial and CSS Examples.




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