How to make an ArrayList read only in Java

Given an ArrayList, the task is to make this ArrayList read-only in Java.

Examples:

Input: ArrayList: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
Output: Read-only ArrayList: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] 

Input: ArrayList: [geeks, for, geeks]
Output: Read-only ArrayList: [geeks, for, geeks]

An ArrayList can be made read-only easily with the help of Collections.unmodifiableList() method. This method takes the modifiable ArrayList as a parameter and returns the read-only unmodifiable view of this ArrayList.

Syntax:

readOnlyArrayList = Collections.unmodifiableList(ArrayList);

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

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// Java program to demonstrate
// unmodifiableList() method
  
import java.util.*;
  
public class GFG1 {
    public static void main(String[] argv)
        throws Exception
    {
        try {
  
            // creating object of ArrayList<Character>
            List<Character> list = new ArrayList<Character>();
  
            // populate the list
            list.add('X');
            list.add('Y');
            list.add('Z');
  
            // printing the list
            System.out.println("Initial list: "
                               + list);
  
            // getting readonly list
            // using unmodifiableList() method
            List<Character>
                immutablelist = Collections
                                    .unmodifiableList(list);
  
            // printing the list
            System.out.println("ReadOnly ArrayList: "
                               + immutablelist);
  
            // Adding element to new Collection
            System.out.println("\nTrying to modify"
                               + " the ReadOnly ArrayList.");
            immutablelist.add('A');
        }
  
        catch (UnsupportedOperationException e) {
            System.out.println("Exception thrown : " + e);
        }
    }
}

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Output:

Initial list: [X, Y, Z]
ReadOnly ArrayList: [X, Y, Z]

Trying to modify the ReadOnly ArrayList.
Exception thrown : java.lang.UnsupportedOperationException


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