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How to Make a Simple RestController in Spring Boot?

  • Last Updated : 19 Nov, 2021

Spring Boot is built on the top of the spring and contains all the features of spring. And is becoming a favorite of developers these days because of its rapid production-ready environment which enables the developers to directly focus on the logic instead of struggling with the configuration and setup. Spring Boot is a microservice-based framework and making a production-ready application in it takes very little time. In this article, we will discuss how to make a simple restcontroller in the Spring Boot.

restcontroller: restcontroller is used for making restful web services with the help of the @restcontroller annotation. This annotation is used at the class level and allows the class to handle the requests made by the client. Let’s understand @restcontroller annotation using an example.

Spring Initializr is a web-based tool using which we can easily generate the structure of the Spring Boot project. It also provides various different features for the projects expressed in a metadata model. This model allows us to configure the list of dependencies that are supported by JVM. Here, we will create the structure of an application using a spring initializer and then use an IDE to create a sample GET route. Therefore, to do this, the following steps are followed sequentially as follows:

Step 1: Go to Spring Initializr

Fill in the details as per the requirements. For this application:

Project: Maven
Language: Java
Spring Boot: 2.2.8
Packaging: JAR
Java: 8
Dependencies: Spring Web 

Step 2: Click on Generate which will download the starter project

Step 3: Extract the zip file. Now open a suitable IDE and then go to File > New > Project from existing sources > Spring-boot-app and select pom.xml. Click on import changes on prompt and wait for the project to sync as pictorially depicted below as follows:

Note: In the Import Project for Maven window, make sure you choose the same version of JDK which you selected while creating the project.

Step 4: Go to src > main > java > com.gfg.Spring.boot.app, create a java class with the name Controller and add the annotation @RestController.

Controller.java file:

Java




@RestController
  
// Class
public class Controller {
  
   @GetMapping("/hello/{name}/{age}")
   public void insert(@PathVariable("name") String name, @PathVariable("age") int age) {
         
       // Print and display name and age
       System.out.println(name);
       System.out.println(age);
   }

This application is now ready to run.

Step 5: Run the SpringBootAppApplication class and wait for the Tomcat server to start.

Note: The default port of the Tomcat server is 8080 and can be changed in the application.properties file.

This controller.java file is used for handling all incoming requests from the client-side.

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