In today’s technology-driven world, almost every organization (whether it be a startup or any big tech giant) is trying to automate its core functioning or work processes for enhancing efficiency and productivity. Indeed, from Designing to Development or from Management tasks to Business Processes, Automation is setting up its space in almost every single domain. And in a similar context – here comes the Automation Testing domain!! Automation Testing is replacing the traditional Manual Testing practices by making the tedious testing tasks more efficient and convenient. And if you’re considering making a career in the Testing field, then Automation Testing will be a great move for you!!
Before moving further, let’s have a brief introduction to – What is Automation Testing? So, Automation Testing is concerned with the process of using various tools and software to create test cases and their execution by considering pre-defined actions. In comparison with the Manual Testing process, Automation Testing offers numerous worthwhile benefits such as less time-consuming, better performance, less operational costs, scalability, and many more. Statistically, the Automation Testing market is all set to reach around $30 Billion by the year 2024 and the demand for highly skilled Automation Professionals is rising rapidly in the tech world. Furthermore, let’s take a look at several major roles & responsibilities of an Automation Tester in an organization:
- Identifies automation test cases and writes test automation scripts
- Responsible for the enhancement of test frameworks
- Monitors the defect management process
- Prepare the testing reports and collaborate with other teams as well, etc.
Now, let’s get back to the main concern – How to make a career in Automation Testing? Meanwhile, there is not any strict eligibility criteria or academic requirement to get into the Automation Testing. However, if you’re having an academic background in a particular domain such as Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in Computer Science / Information Technology, etc., it’ll be quite helpful for you as it’ll not only make you familiar with the fundamentals and underlying mechanism of the particular field but will also help you to get some ravishing career opportunities. Moreover, if we talk about the technical skills or hands-on experience or anything else required for becoming an Automation Testing Professional, below we’ve provided a thorough roadmap that covers all the approaches to make a worthwhile career in Automation Testing:
1. Get Proficient with Programming Languages
If you’re considering that Coding or Programming skills are not essential for getting into Automation Testing then you’re entirely wrong!! Indeed, you’re required to have a sound knowledge of Programming Languages and the respective programming concepts. It will make you comfortable with various crucial jobs for Automation Testing such as Unit Testing, Task Automation, Code Review, and many more. Meanwhile, you can start with several most demanding programming languages such as C/C++, JAVA, Python, Perl, etc. and can learn these languages from various online or offline resources. Furthermore, you’re also recommended to get proficient with several prominent Operating Systems such as Linux, UNIX, etc. along with the respective tools & commands.
2. Learn about SQL Queries & Databases
Okay, let’s move to another prominent technical skill that you need to possess for being a worthwhile Automation Testing Professional – understanding of SQL Queries and Databases. You’re required to be proficient with fundamental Structured Query Language (SQL) concepts such as Data Manipulation Language (DML), Data Definition Language (DDL), Transactional Control Language, Aggregate Functions, etc. along with the Database concepts and operations. Though you’re not required to have a deep understanding of all relational databases and you can start with Oracle, MySQL, etc. to understand the database management processes. Moreover, you’re also required to have familiarity with several data formats such as XML, JSON, etc to get more exposure in the Testing domain.
3. Understand the Automation Testing Concepts
Now, let’s dive deeper into the ocean of Automation Testing – you’re required to understand various crucial and prerequisite Automation Testing concepts. First and foremost, you need to go through the Automation Testing Life Cycle (ATLC) concept and the respective processes. In general, ATLC is concerned with the structural testing process that comprises several stages for all the required activities for testing. The various phases of ATLC are as follows:
- Defining the scope of Test Automation
- Picking out the relevant Automation Tools
- Development of Test Plan, Design & Strategy
- Setting Up of Test Environment
- Development & Execution of Automation Test Script
- Test Analysis & Generating Test Reports
Along with ATLC, you’re required to focus on several additional concepts also such as Continuous Integration / Continuous Delivery for Testing, understanding of APIs, etc. for some advanced outlook in Automation Testing.
4. Get Familiar with Automation Testing Tools
Here comes the most crucial part while preparing yourself for getting into the Automation Testing domain – familiarity with Automation Testing tools!! You’re required to practice on these tools as much as you can and know about their functionalities, specifications, limitations, etc. to gain the utmost exposure. The hands-on experience with Automation Testing Tools will help you to get some in-depth knowledge of the testing domain that you might not get from reading theory or attending lectures. There are numerous Testing Automation tools such as Selenium, TestComplete, Appium, etc. that can be taken into consideration. Furthermore, apart from core automation testing tools, there are several other worthwhile tools as well for Defect Tracking, Test Management, and other crucial tasks.
5. Get Hands-on Experience on Manual Testing
Now you must be thinking that why you’d require to gain experience with Manual Testing before getting into the Automation Testing, right..?? Okay, let us understood it first – Undoubtedly, Manual Testing came first and rule the particular domain for a significant period and even doing quite good in the present-day era of Automation Testing. Hence, practicing Manual Testing will surely let you know about the core concepts and numerous underlying mechanisms of the Testing field. Furthermore, it will also help you to get various ravishing career opportunities as many IT giants require a decent experience with Manual Testing while recruiting for the Automation Testing Professionals.
Once you’ll get done with the above-mentioned skills and approaches, you can shortlist various Testing companies based on your preferences and can apply for internships programs or even for jobs as well to start your journey. Moreover, apart from the technical skills, you’re strongly recommended to work upon several non-technical or soft skills as well required for making a successful career in Automation Testing. There are several skills such as Critical Thinking, Problem Solving, Collaboration, Effective Communication, Time Management, etc. that can surely be taken into consideration.
Now, let’s take a step forward and discuss several relevant and prominent certifications for Automation Testing that you can opt for to assess your skills & knowledge and for getting an edge over others during the recruitment. Some of the most-preferred certifications for Automation Testing are – ISTQB Test Automation Engineering Certification, Certified Software Testing Engineer (CSTE), ICAgile Certified Professional in Agile Test Automation (ICP-ATA), etc. Additionally, there are few most-recommended books provided below to help you in preparing for these certification exams and make your learning journey more convenient:
- Software Test Automation – Effective Use of Test Execution Tools
- Just Enough Software Test Automation by Bruce A. Posey and Daniel Mosley
- The Agile Samurai by Jonathan Rasmusson
- Complete Guide to Test Automation by Arnon Axelrod
So, this is a complete roadmap that you need to follow to make a worthwhile career in Automation Testing. And yes, if you’ve already entered into the Testing profession or having a decent career in Manual Testing, you still can follow the above-mentioned approaches to switch over to the Automation Testing field. Indeed, Automation Testing has a remarkable growth and career scope for the individuals in the upcoming times!!