How to Locate Elements using Selenium Python?
Selenium: is an open-source tool that automates web browsers. It provides a single interface that lets you write test scripts in programming languages like Ruby, Java, NodeJS, PHP, Perl, Python, and C#, among others. I personally prefer Python as it’s very easy to write code in python. A browser-driver then executes these scripts on a browser-instance on your device. To install this module run this command into your terminal.
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pip install selenium
Let’s see how to copy elements from the web page:
Step1: left-click anywhere on the page and click on inspect. Hover the element and it will highlight the required element left click in the console or highlighted area then copy the path you like to use.
Step2: Now again left-click on the element you want to inspect here it is the google search box. Click Inspect after that.
Step3: Hover the element and it will highlight the required element left click in the console or highlighted area then copy the path you like to use.
Selenium provides methods to locate element. Some of the most used elements are:
Let’s see step-by-step implementation:
Step 1: Importing libraries and using chromedrivermanager.
Step 2: find_element_by_xpath.
When we don’t have a suitable id or name attribute then you may want to use this attribute.
Step 3: find_element_by_css_selector.
This is one of the most accurate selectors. It helps to return the name with class_attribute name.
Step 4: find_element_by_name.
We can also find elements using names. We have to specify the name for which we want to locate the element
Step 5: find_element_by_id
This is the simplest method of locating an element. The CSS ID is unique for every element on the page. Thus, an ID can uniquely identify an element.
Step 6: find_element_by_class_name
It is not the preferred way as many elements have the same classes we can use css_selector instead of class_name as well. Also, it will return the first given class name element else ‘No Such Exception’.
Below is the full implementations: