How to install Selenium in Python

Selenium Scripts are built to do some tedious tasks which can be automated using headless web browsers.

For example, Searching for some Questions on Different Search engines and storing results in a file by visiting each link. This task can take a long for a normal human being but with the help of selenium scripts one can easily do it

Now, Some of You may be wondering what is headless web browsers. It’s nothing but a browser that can be controlled using these selenium scripts for automation(web tasks). Selenium Scripts can be programmed using various languages such as JavaScript, Java, Python, etc.

How to Use selenium with Python and Linux Environment.

Python should already be installed. It can be 2.* or 3.* version.
Steps:



  1. Installing Selenium
  2. Installing Webdrivers (headless)
  3. Creating Simple Code

Installing Selenium

Whatever Operating System You are Using Python command is Same for Installing Selenium Library.

First Method

Open Terminal/Cmd and Write Command as written Below

python -m pip install selenium

Second Method

Alternatively, you can download the source distribution here, unarchive it, and run the command below:

python setup.py install

Installing Webdrivers

One Can Install Firefox, Chromium, PhantomJs(Deprecated Now), etc.

  • for using Firefox you may need to install GeckoDriver
  • for using Chrome you may need to install Chromium

In this article, Firefox is used so One can Follow the Bellow Steps to Install:-

Steps for Linux:-



1. Go to the geckodriver releases page. Find the latest version of the driver for your platform and download it.

For example:

wget https://github.com/mozilla/geckodriver/releases/download/v0.24.0/geckodriver-v0.24.0-linux64.tar.gz

2. Extract the file with:

tar -xvzf geckodriver*

3. Make it executable:

chmod +x geckodriver

4. Move Files to usr/local/bin

sudo mv geckodriver /usr/local/bin/

Steps for Windows:-

1. Same as Step 1 in Linux Download the GeckoDriver

2. Extract it using WinRar or any application you may have.

3. Add it to Path using Command Prompt

setx path "%path%;GeckoDriver Path"

For Example:-

setx path "%path%;c:/user/eliote/Desktop/geckodriver-v0.26.0-win64/geckodriver.exe"

Creating Simple Code

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code

# Python program to demonstrate
# selenium
  
  
from selenium import webdriver
  
  
driver = webdriver.Firefox()
driver.get("https://google.co.in")

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Output:

python-selenium

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