How to Install and Configure Apache Subversion(SVN) In Linux?

Apache Subversion (SVN), is a version control system like Git. it is distributed under an open-source license. SVN was created by CollabNet Inc. but now it is developed as a project of the Apache Software Foundation.

Downloading and Installing Apache SVN

Apache Subversion(SVN) can be easily downloaded and installed with the use of the command-line. Following steps provide a step-by-step procedure to install Apache SVN:

Step 1: First, we need to Install the subversion, apache2 and libapache2-svn/libapache2-mod-svn packages.
For this open terminal and type the following command and press Enter:



$ sudo apt install subversion apache2 libapache2-mod-svn

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Step 2: Now create a SVN directory, at the root of file system. Type the following command and press Enter:

$ sudo mkdir /svn

 
Step 3: Now, change the owner’s permission of the directory to the webserver user, www-data by default.

$ sudo chown www-data:www-data /svn

 
Step 4: Now change to superuser by typing this command and then type password

$ sudo su

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now switch to www-data user

$ su -s /bin/bash www-data

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Step 5: Create a new SVN repository to store files.

$ svnadmin create /svn/repo

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Step 6: Now we’ll have to create credentials for User:

$ htpasswd -cmb /svn/passwd admin password

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here “admin” is username and “password” is password
 
Step 7: Now exit from www-data and install Vim editor. Type the following command to install Vim editor:

$ sudo apt-get install vim

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Step 8: Open and edit SVN configuration file in sudo mode with the use of following command:

$ sudo vim /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/dav_svn.conf

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Now, paste the following code in that file:

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<Location /repo>
         DAV svn
         SVNPath /svn/repo
         AuthUserFile /svn/passwd
         Require valid-user
         AuthType basic
         AuthName "Subversion"
</Location>

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Now save the file and exit the Vim Editor by using the command :wq
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Step 9: Now restart Apache Subversion and you are done with the installation process. Type the following command and press Enter:

$ sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

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