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How to insert spaces/tabs in text using HTML/CSS?
  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 23 Dec, 2020

Spacing can be added using HTML and CSS by 3 approaches:

Method 1: Using the special characters designated for different spaces

The   character entity used to denote a non-breaking space which is a fixed space. This may be perceived as twice the space of a normal space. It is used to create a space in a line that cannot be broken by word wrap.

The   character entity used to denote an ‘en’ space which means half point size of the current font. This may be perceived as twice the space of a normal space.

The   character entity used to denote an ’em’ space which means equal to the point size of the current font. This may be perceived as four times the space of a normal space.



Syntax:

Regular space:  
Two spaces gap:  
Four spaces gap:  

Example:




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>
        How to insert spaces/tabs in text using HTML/CSS?
    </title>
</head>
<body>
    <h1 style="color: green">GeeksforGeeks</h1>
    <b>How to insert spaces/tabs in text using HTML/CSS?</b>
      
    <p>This is a &nbsp; regular space.</p>
    <p>This is a &ensp; two spaces gap.</p>
    <p>This is a &emsp; four spaces gap.</p>
</body>
</html>

In the above code the regular space and two space  and four space gaps code is not visible so here is how it looks


Output:
char-entities

Method 2: Using the tab-size property to set spacing for tab characters

The tab-size CSS property is set the number of spaces each tab character will display. Changing this value allows inserting the needed amount of space on one tab character. This method however only works with pre-formatted text (using <pre> tags).

The tab character can be inserted by holding the Alt and pressing 0 and 9 together.

Syntax:



.tab {
        tab-size: 2;
    }

Example:




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>
        How to insert spaces/tabs in text using HTML/CSS?
    </title>
    <style>
        .tab1 {
            tab-size: 2;
        }
  
        .tab2 {
            tab-size: 4;
        }
  
        .tab4 {
            tab-size: 8;
        }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <h1 style="color: green">GeeksforGeeks</h1>
    <b>How to insert spaces/tabs in text using HTML/CSS?</b>
      
    <pre class="tab1">This is a    tab    with 2 spaces.</pre>
    <pre class="tab2">This is a    tab    with 4 spaces.</pre>
    <pre class="tab4">This is a    tab    with 8 spaces.</pre>
</body>
</html>

Output:
tab-length-space

Method 3: Creating a new class for spacing using CSS

A new class can be created which gives a certain amount of spacing by using the margin-left property. The amount of space could be given by the number of pixels specified in this property.

The display property is also set to ‘inline-block’ so that no line-break is added after the element. This allows the space to sit next to text and other elements.

Syntax:

.tab {
    display: inline-block;
    margin-left: 40px;
}

Example:




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>
        How to insert spaces/tabs in text using HTML/CSS?
    </title>
    <style>
        .tab {
            display: inline-block;
            margin-left: 40px;
        }
    </style>
</head>
<body>
    <h1 style="color: green">GeeksforGeeks</h1>
    <b>How to insert spaces/tabs in text using HTML/CSS?</b>
      
    <p>This is a<span class="tab"></span>tab space in the document.</p>
</body>
</html>

Output:
margin-left-space

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