How to generate random numbers from a log-normal distribution in Python ?
A continuous probability distribution of a random variable whose logarithm is usually distributed is known as a log-normal (or lognormal) distribution in probability theory.
A variable x is said to follow a log-normal distribution if and only if the log(x) follows a normal distribution. The PDF is defined as follows.
Where mu is the population mean & sigma is the standard deviation of the log-normal distribution of a variable. Just like normal distribution which is a manifestation of summation of a large number of Independent and identically distributed random variables, lognormal is the result of multiplying a large number of Independent and identically distributed random variables. Generating a random number from a log-normal distribution is very easy with help of the NumPy library.
numpy.random.lognormal(mean=0.0, sigma=1.0, size=None)
- mean: It takes the mean value for the underlying normal distribution.
- sigma: It takes only non-negative values for the standard deviation for the underlying normal distribution
- size : It takes either a int or a tuple of given shape. If a single value is passed it returns a single integer as result. If a tuple then it returns a 2D matrix of values from log-normal distribution.
Returns: Drawn samples from the parameterized log-normal distribution(nd Array or a scalar).
The below example depicts how to generate random numbers from a log-normal distribution:
Let’s prove that log-Normal is a product of independent and identical distributions of a random variable using python. In the program below we are generating 1000 points randomly from a normal distribution and then taking the product of them and finally plotting it to get a log-normal distribution.