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How to Encode and Decode Image in Base64 in Android?

  • Last Updated : 13 Jul, 2021
Geek Week

Here, we are going to make an application of the “Encoding-Decoding” of an image. By making this application we will be able to learn that how we can encode an image in Base64. We will also be decoding our image with help of a button.

Prerequisite:

Before proceeding with this application you should be aware of Base64 in java. If you are not aware of it, use Basic Type Base64 Encoding and Decoding in Java.

What we are going to build in this article?

In this application, we will be using two buttons Encode and Decode to perform their respective operations. Moreover, we will be using a textView to display encoded text and finally an imageView to display the decoded image. Note that we are going to implement this application using Java language. A sample video is given below to get an idea about what we are going to do in this article.

Step by Step Implementation

Step 1: Creating a new project



  • Open a new project.
  • We will be working on Empty Activity with language as Java. Leave all other options unchanged.
  • You can change the name of the project at your convenience.
  • There will be two default files named activity_main.xml and MainActivity.java.

If you don’t know how to create a new project in Android Studio then you can refer to How to Create/Start a New Project in Android Studio? 

Step 2: Navigate to app > Manifests > AndroidManifest.xml file and add the following permission to it

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"/>

Step 3:  Working with the activity_main.xml file

Here we will design the user interface of our application. We will be using the following components for their respective works:

Navigate to the app > res > layout > activity_main.xml and add the below code to that file.

XML




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<!-- Parent Linear layout -->
<LinearLayout
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:background="#EFA1A1"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:padding="16dp"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">
 
      <!-- Layout to display buttons
         for encoding and decoding-->
    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:orientation="horizontal">
 
        <!-- Button for encoding of image-->
        <Button
            android:id="@+id/btn_encode"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_marginEnd="4dp"
            android:layout_marginRight="4dp"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:text="Encode Image"
            app:backgroundTint="#511C1C" />
 
        <!--Button for decoding of image-->
        <Button
            android:id="@+id/btn_decode"
            android:layout_width="0dp"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_marginStart="4dp"
            android:layout_marginLeft="4dp"
            android:layout_weight="1"
            android:text="DEcode Image"
            app:backgroundTint="#511C1C" />
 
    </LinearLayout>
 
    <!-- Textview to display encoded text-->
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textView"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginTop="8dp"
        android:ellipsize="end"
        android:maxLines="5" />
 
    <!-- Imageview to display decoded image-->
    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/imageView"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_marginTop="8dp"
        android:adjustViewBounds="true"
        android:scaleType="centerCrop" />
 
</LinearLayout>

 

 



After implementing the above code, the design of the activity_main.xml file looks like this.

 

 

Step 4: Working with MainActivity.java file

 

Here we write code for the onClickListeners for the Encoding and Decoding buttons, so that they can perform their function. Use the below code in the MainActvity.java file.

 

Java




import androidx.annotation.NonNull;
import androidx.annotation.Nullable;
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
import androidx.core.app.ActivityCompat;
import androidx.core.content.ContextCompat;
 
import android.Manifest;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.content.pm.PackageManager;
import android.graphics.Bitmap;
import android.graphics.BitmapFactory;
import android.net.Uri;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.provider.MediaStore;
import android.util.Base64;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;
 
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
 
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
 
    // Initialize variable
    Button btnEncode,btnDecode;
    TextView textView;
    ImageView imageView;
    String sImage;
 
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
 
        btnEncode=findViewById(R.id.btn_encode);
        btnDecode=findViewById(R.id.btn_decode);
        textView=findViewById(R.id.textView);
        imageView= findViewById(R.id.imageView);
 
        // Code for Encode button
        btnEncode.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View view) {
 
                // check condition
                if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(MainActivity.this,
                        Manifest.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)!= PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED)
                {
                    // when permission is nor granted
                    // request permission
                    ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(MainActivity.this
                    , new String[]{Manifest.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE},100);
 
                }
                else
                {
                    // when permission
                      // is granted
                    // create method
                    selectImage();
                }
            }
 
        });
 
         // Code for Decode button
        btnDecode.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View view) {
                // decode base64 string
                byte[] bytes=Base64.decode(sImage,Base64.DEFAULT);
                // Initialize bitmap
                Bitmap bitmap= BitmapFactory.decodeByteArray(bytes,0,bytes.length);
                // set bitmap on imageView
                imageView.setImageBitmap(bitmap);
            }
        });
    }
    private void selectImage() {
        // clear previous data
        textView.setText("");
        imageView.setImageBitmap(null);
        // Initialize intent
        Intent intent=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PICK);
        // set type
        intent.setType("image/*");
        // start activity result
        startActivityForResult(Intent.createChooser(intent,"Select Image"),100);
    }
 
    @Override
    public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, @NonNull  String[] permissions, @NonNull  int[] grantResults) {
        super.onRequestPermissionsResult(requestCode, permissions, grantResults);
 
        // check condition
        if (requestCode==100 && grantResults[0]==PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED)
        {
            // when permission
              // is granted
            // call method
            selectImage();
        }
        else
        {
            // when permission is denied
            Toast.makeText(this, "Permission Denied", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        }
    }
 
    @Override
    protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, @Nullable  Intent data) {
        super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, data);
        // check condition
        if (requestCode==100 && resultCode==RESULT_OK && data!=null)
        {
            // when result is ok
            // initialize uri
            Uri uri=data.getData();
            // Initialize bitmap
            try {
                Bitmap bitmap= MediaStore.Images.Media.getBitmap(getContentResolver(),uri);
                // initialize byte stream
                ByteArrayOutputStream stream=new ByteArrayOutputStream();
                // compress Bitmap
                bitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG,100,stream);
                // Initialize byte array
                byte[] bytes=stream.toByteArray();
                // get base64 encoded string
                sImage= Base64.encodeToString(bytes,Base64.DEFAULT);
                // set encoded text on textview
                textView.setText(sImage);
 
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }
}

 

 

Output:

 

 

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