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How to Disable GridView Scrolling in Android?

  • Last Updated : 29 Jul, 2021

A GridView is a ViewGroup that can display data from a list of objects or databases in a grid-like structure consisting of rows and columns. Grid view requires an adapter to fetch data from the resources. This view can be scrolled both horizontally and vertically. The scrolling ability of the GridView by default is set to enabled.

However, in this article, we will show to disable the scrolling ability of GridView.

Step by Step Implementation

Step 1: Create a New Project in Android Studio

To create a new project in Android Studio please refer to How to Create/Start a New Project in Android Studio. We demonstrated the application in Kotlin, so make sure you select Kotlin as the primary language while creating a New Project.

Step 2: Working with the activity_main.xml file

Navigate to the app > res > layout > activity_main.xml and add the below code to that file. Below is the code for the activity_main.xml file. Create this simple GridView in the layout.

XML




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:padding="8dp"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">
  
    <GridView
        android:id="@+id/gridLayout"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent" />
  
</RelativeLayout>

Step 3: Create an Adapter for the Grid View (MyGridViewAdapter.kt)

We have to create an adapter to send data (Images in our case) to the Grid View. So, create a new class and give it a relevant name. To see how we added these photos, refer to Step 6.

Kotlin




import android.content.Context
import android.view.View
import android.view.ViewGroup
import android.widget.AbsListView
import android.widget.BaseAdapter
import android.widget.ImageView
  
// Array of Images, 
// we used GeeksforGeeks logo
private val myImages = arrayOf(
    R.drawable.logo,
    R.drawable.logo,
    R.drawable.logo,
    R.drawable.logo,
    R.drawable.logo,
    R.drawable.logo,
    R.drawable.logo,
)
  
class MyGridViewAdapter constructor(c:Context): BaseAdapter() {
    private val context: Context = c
    
    override fun getCount(): Int {
        return myImages.size
    }
      
    override fun getItem(position: Int): Any? {
        return null
    }
      
    override fun getItemId(position: Int): Long {
        return 0
    }
      
    override fun getView(position: Int, convertView: View?, parent: ViewGroup?): View {
        val imageView: ImageView
        
        if (convertView == null) {
            imageView = ImageView(context)
            imageView.layoutParams = AbsListView.LayoutParams(
                ViewGroup.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT,
                ViewGroup.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT
            )
            imageView.scaleType = ImageView.ScaleType.CENTER_CROP
            imageView.setPadding(30, 30, 30, 30)
        }
        else {
            imageView = convertView as ImageView
        }
          
        imageView.setImageResource(myImages[position])
          
        return imageView
    }
}

Step 4: Working with the MainActivity.kt file

Go to the MainActivity.kt file and refer to the following code. Below is the code for the MainActivity.kt file. Link the Adapter to the Grid View in the Main code (MainActivity.kt). Comments are added inside the code to understand the code in more detail.



Kotlin




import android.annotation.SuppressLint
import android.content.Context
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
import android.os.Bundle
import android.view.MotionEvent
import android.view.View
import android.view.ViewGroup
import android.widget.*
  
class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
  
    @SuppressLint("ClickableViewAccessibility")
    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)
  
        // Declare the GridView from the layout
        val gridView = findViewById<GridView>(R.id.gridLayout)
          
        // Specify number of columns
        gridView.numColumns = 1
        
        // Setting the grid view 
        // adapter as MyGridViewAdapter
        gridView.adapter = MyGridViewAdapter(this)
    }
}

Output: Now run the application

You can see that we are able to scroll the GridView vertically.

Step 5: Add this code in the Main code to disable the scrolling (MainActivity.kt)

Kotlin




import android.annotation.SuppressLint
import android.content.Context
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
import android.os.Bundle
import android.view.MotionEvent
import android.view.View
import android.view.ViewGroup
import android.widget.*
  
class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
  
    @SuppressLint("ClickableViewAccessibility")
    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)
  
        val gridView = findViewById<GridView>(R.id.gridLayout)
        gridView.numColumns = 1
        gridView.adapter = MyGridViewAdapter(this)
  
  
        // What should happen when 
        // the Grid View is touched
        gridView.setOnTouchListener { _, event ->
            
            // A Toast is generated for every touch and 
            // event action is set as ACTION_MOVE
            Toast.makeText(applicationContext, "Scrolling is Disabled", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show()
            event.action == MotionEvent.ACTION_MOVE
        }
    }
}

Output: Run the application

You can see that we are unable to scroll the Grid View vertically.

Note: You can add below image in the resource

Image downloaded from the Internet

Now simply copy-paste it into the Drawables folder in the res folder. Name them and click OK.


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