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How to create responsive stacked cards hover effect using CSS ?

  • Last Updated : 25 Aug, 2021

Introduction: Cards are a very important part of any website. It is used to display some important information in short to viewers. In this article, we will create responsive stackend cards hover effect using HTML and CSS. In order to achieve a multi-layer stacking effect, you have to follow certain steps which are given below.

Note: Through hover on cards, we can achieve various directions or effects on cards like top-left, bottom-right, diagonal, rotate, etc.

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Approach: First, we will design a simple card structure in HTM.  Now we will use some CSS properties to build the basic design of the card and to create a stack effect, we will define the ::before and ::after pseudo-elements and absolutely position them relative to the parent card. Now we will have to move the div with class “card-inner” away from its original position by using the transform property. Finally, added a hover effect on a stack of cards by using a transform that can translate the card before and after the hover effect.

Let’s see the implementation of the above approach.



Example 1: In this example,  we will see when the user will hover over the card Top Card will translate over X-axis and Y-axis, here (5px-X-axis, 5px-Y-axis) bottom-right direction and below stacked card will translate (-X)-axis and (-Y)-axis i.e opposite to bottom-right direction which will create multiple stacked-bottom-right effects will the help of before and after Pseudo element.

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  
<head>
    <title> stackened cards hover effect </title>
    <style>
        body {
            color: #FDFAF6;
            background: #50CB93;
        }
  
        .card {
            position: relative;
            width: 400px;
            margin: 60px auto;
        }
  
        .card::before,
        .card::after {
            content: "";
            position: absolute;
            top: 0;
            left: 0;
            width: 100%;
            height: 100%;
        }
  
        .card::before,
        .card::after,
        .card .card-inner {
            background-color: #423F3E;
            border: 1px solid #01937C;
            transition: transform 0.5s;
        }
  
        .card::before,
        .card-inner {
            z-index: 1;
        }
  
        .card-inner {
            position: relative;
            padding: 4rem;
        }
  
        /* Position the stacked cards in 
        different position */
        .cards:hover {
            transform: translate(5px, 5px);
        }
  
        .cards:hover::before {
            transform: translate(-5px, -5px);
        }
  
        .cards:hover::after {
            transform: translate(-10px, -10px);
        }
    </style>
</head>
  
<body>
    <center>
        <h1>Welcome to GeeksforGeeks</h1>
        <div class="card-container">
            <div class="card cards">
                <div class="card-inner">
                    <h1>Down-Right</h1>
                    <h3 class="card-title">
                        GeeksforGeeks
                    </h3>
                    <div class="card-body">
                        A Complete Portal for Geeks.
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </center>
</body>
  
</html>

Output:

Example 2: In this example, we will see stacked-diagonal-left and stacked-rotate-left using the same approach as explained above.

Stacked-Rotate-left:

  1. Top Card will translate only over X-axis , here ( translate(2.5px, 0) ) left direction, and rotate at certain angle, here its 2.5 degree ( rotate(2.5deg) ) .then
  2. Below stacked card will also translate and rotate in the same direction but with double pixel to create a stacked multi-layer effect with the help of before and after Pseudo element.

Stacked-diagonal-left:

  1. In diagonal-left, Initially multi-layer stack card is positioned in opposite direction to the directional-left ( translate(-16px, -16px) ) using transform:translate property and then
  2. When the user hovers over the card, stacked multi-layer card will translate to diagonal-left direction using same value i.e ( translate(16px, 16px)  ) but opposite sign so that stacked multi-layer cards can cover equal direction.

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  
<head>
    <style>
        body {
            color: #FDFAF6;
            background: #50CB93;
        }
  
        :root {
            --offset-before: 8px;
            --offset-after: 16px;
        }
  
        .card {
            position: relative;
            width: 400px;
            margin: 60px auto;
        }
  
        .card::before,
        .card::after {
            content: "";
            position: absolute;
            top: 0;
            left: 0;
            width: 100%;
            height: 100%;
        }
  
        .card::before,
        .card::after,
        .card .card-inner {
            background-color: #423F3E;
            border: 1px solid #01937C;
            transition: transform 0.5s;
        }
  
        .card::before,
        .card-inner {
            z-index: 1;
        }
  
        .card-inner {
            position: relative;
            padding: 4rem;
        }
  
        /*Diagonal => Left*/
        .cards-diagonal::before {
            transform: translate(calc(-1 * 8px),
                    calc(-1 * 8px));
        }
  
        .cards-diagonal::after {
            transform: translate(calc(-1 * 16px),
                    calc(-1 * 16px));
        }
  
        .cards-diagonal:hover::before {
            transform: translate(8px, 8px);
        }
  
        .cards-diagonal:hover::after {
            transform: translate(16px, 16px);
        }
  
        /*Rotate => Left */
        .cards-rotate::before,
        .cards-rotate::after {
            transform-origin: 50% 100%;
        }
  
        .cards-rotate:hover {
            transform: translate(2.5px, 0) rotate(2.5deg);
        }
  
        .cards-rotate:hover::before {
            transform: translate(2.5px, 0) rotate(2.5deg);
        }
  
        .cards-rotate:hover::after {
            transform: translate(5px, 0) rotate(5deg);
        }
        }
    </style>
</head>
  
<body>
    <center>
        <h1>Welcome to GeeksforGeeks</h1>
        <div class="card-container">
            <div class="card cards-diagonal">
                <div class="card-inner">
                    <h1>Diagonal-Left</h1>
                    <h3 class="card-title">GeeksforGeeks</h3>
                    <div class="card-body">
                        A Complete Portal for Geeks.
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
        <div class="card-container">
            <div class="card cards-rotate">
                <div class="card-inner">
                    <h1>Rotate-Left</h1>
                    <h3 class="card-title">GeeksforGeeks</h3>
                    <div class="card-body">
                        A Complete Portal for Geeks.
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </center>
</body>
  
</html>

Output:

Example 3: In this example, we will see stacked-Up and stacked-Right effects using the same approach as explained above.

Stacked-Up:

  1. Top Card will translate only in negative Y-axis , here (translate(0, -5px)) Up direction, then
  2. below stacked card will translate positive Y-axis i.e opposite to Up direction and it will also scale along Y-axis which will create multiple stacked-Up effects with the help of before and after Pseudo element.

Stacked-Right:

  1. Top Card will translate only in positive X-axis , here ( translate(5px, 0) ) Right direction, then
  2. below stacked card will translate negative X-axis (  translate(-10px, 0)  )  i.e opposite to right direction and it will also scale along negative X-axis which will create multiple stacked-Up effects with the help of before and after Pseudo element.

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  
<head>
    <style>
        body {
            color: #FDFAF6;
            background: #50CB93;
        }
  
        :root {
            --offset-before: 8px;
            --offset-after: 16px;
        }
  
        .card {
            position: relative;
            width: 400px;
            margin: 60px auto;
        }
  
        .card::before,
        .card::after {
            content: "";
            position: absolute;
            top: 0;
            left: 0;
            width: 100%;
            height: 100%;
        }
  
        .card::before,
        .card::after,
        .card .card-inner {
            background-color: #423F3E;
            border: 1px solid #01937C;
            transition: transform 0.5s;
        }
  
        .card::before,
        .card-inner {
            z-index: 1;
        }
  
        .card-inner {
            position: relative;
            padding: 4rem;
        }
  
        /*Stacked => Up*/
        .cards-up::before,
        .cards-up::after {
            transform-origin: center bottom;
        }
  
        .cards-up:hover {
            transform: translate(0, -5px);
        }
  
        .cards-up:hover::before {
            transform: translate(0, 5px) scale(0.95);
        }
  
        .cards-up:hover::after {
            transform: translate(0, 10px) scale(0.90);
        }
  
        /*Stacked => Right */
        .cards-right::before,
        .cards-right::after {
            transform-origin: left center;
        }
  
        .cards-right:hover {
            transform: translate(5px, 0);
        }
  
        .cards-right:hover::before {
            transform: translate(-10px, 0) scale(0.95);
        }
        }
  
        .cards-right:hover::after {
            transform: translate(-10px, 0) scale(0.90);
        }
        }
    </style>
</head>
  
<body>
    <center>
        <h1>Welcome to GeeksforGeeks</h1>
        <div class="card-container">
            <div class="card cards-up">
                <div class="card-inner">
                    <h1>Stacked-Up</h1>
                    <h3 class="card-title">GeeksforGeeks</h3>
                    <div class="card-body">
                        A Complete Portal for Geeks.
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
        <div class="card-container">
            <div class="card cards-right">
                <div class="card-inner">
                    <h1>Stacked-Right</h1>
                    <h3 class="card-title">GeeksforGeeks</h3>
                    <div class="card-body">
                        A Complete Portal for Geeks.
                    </div>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </center>
</body>
  
</html>

Output:




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