Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Improve Article
How to create half of the string in uppercase and the other half in lowercase?
  • Last Updated : 15 Apr, 2021

The first thing that we have to keep in my mind while solving this kind of problem is that the strings are immutable i.e,

If I am taking the following string

var string1 = "geeksforgeeks";
string1[0] = "G";

console.log(string1);

As strings are immutable, so we cannot change the character of the string, so the output of the above code will be the following.

Output:

geeksforgeeks

Approach:



There are several ways to solve this problem. Some of them are as follows.

  • Splitting the string into 2 different parts and change the first part to the UPPERCASE and concatenate the new strings to get the output.
  • Create an empty string and add each character of the string to it using FOR loop.
  • Using the slicing property of strings to get the output.

Method 1: This method is implemented using 2 new variables.

  • Add the string into the variable.
  • Store the length of the string into a variable using string.length function.
  • Create two empty strings which are used in the future to store the newly created strings.
  • Use of for loops to traverse in the string.
  • Convert the first string to the upper case using toUpperCase().
  • Concatenate both of the strings to get the output.

Python3




import math
 
string1 = 'geeksforgeeks'
string1_len = len(string1)
part_a = ''
part_b = ''
 
for i in range(int(math.ceil(string1_len // 2 + 1))):
    part_a += string1[i]
 
for i in range(int(math.ceil(string1_len // 2)) + 1,
               string1_len):
    part_b += string1[i]
 
new_part_a = part_a.upper()
 
changed_string = new_part_a + part_b
 
print(changed_string)
 
# This code is contributed by ukasp

Javascript




<script>
var string1 = 'geeksforgeeks';
var string1_len = string1.length;
var part_a = '';
var part_b = '';
 
for(var i=0 ; i<Math.ceil(string1_len/2) ; i++)
{
    part_a+=string1[i];
}
 
for(var i=Math.ceil(string1_len/2) ; i<string1_len ; i++)
{
    part_b+=string1[i];
}
 
var new_part_a = part_a.toUpperCase();
 
var changed_string = new_part_a + part_b;
 
console.log(changed_string);
</script>

Output:

GEEKSFOrgeeks

Method 2: This method is implemented using a single new variable.

  • Add the string into the variable.
  • Store the length of the string into a variable using string.length function.
  • Create an empty string that is used in the future to store the newly created string.
  • Use of for loops to traverse the string.
  • Log the final string to get the output.

Javascript




<script>
var string1 = 'gfg';
var string1_len = string1.length;
var changed_string = '';
 
for(var i=0 ; i<Math.ceil(string1_len/2) ; i++)
{
    changed_string+=string1[i].toUpperCase();
}
 
for(var i=Math.ceil(string1_len/2) ; i<string1_len ; i++)
{
    changed_string+=string1[i];
}
 
console.log(changed_string);
</script>

Output:

GFg

Method 3: This method is implemented using the JavaScript Slice property.

  • Add the string into the variable.
  • Store the length of the string into a variable using string.length function.
  • Store the ceil value of half of the length of the string to the new variable.
  • Create 2 empty strings which are used in the future to store the newly created strings.
  • Add string to the variables using string slicing property.
  • Convert the first string to the upper case using toUpperCase().
  • Concatenate both of the strings to get the output.

Javascript




<script>
var string1 = 'geeks for geeks';
var string1_len = string1.length;
var half_string = Math.ceil(string1_len/2);
var part_a;
var part_b;
 
part_a = string1.slice(0,half_string);
var new_part_a = part_a.toUpperCase();
part_b = string1.slice(half_string,string1_len);
 
var changed_string = new_part_a+part_b;
 
console.log(changed_string);
</script>

Output:

GEEKS FOr geeks

In these ways, you can solve these kinds of problems.

Attention reader! Don’t stop learning now. Get hold of all the important DSA concepts with the DSA Self Paced Course at a student-friendly price and become industry ready.  To complete your preparation from learning a language to DS Algo and many more,  please refer Complete Interview Preparation Course.

In case you wish to attend live classes with industry experts, please refer Geeks Classes Live 




My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :