Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

How to Create Dynamic Horizontal RecyclerView in Android using Firebase Realtime Database?
  • Difficulty Level : Hard
  • Last Updated : 24 Feb, 2021

HorizontalRecyclerView is seen in many apps. It is generally used to display the categories in most apps and websites. This type of RecyclerView is mostly seen in many E-commerce apps to indicate categories in the app. As we have already seen in Amazon Shopping App. So in this article, we will take a look at creating a Dynamic Horizontal Recycler View in Android using Firebase Firestore. But in this article, we will be using Firebase Realtime Database to display the items of RecyclerView.  

What we are going to build in this article?  

We will be building a simple application in which we will be displaying a horizontal Recycler View in which we will be showing different languages used in Computer Science such as C++. So we will represent this amazing computer technology in our Horizontal RecyclerView. A sample GIF is given below to get an idea about what we are going to do in this article. Note that we are going to implement this project using the Java language.

 Dynamic Horizontal RecyclerView in Android using Firebase Realtime Database Sample GIF

Step by Step Implementation

Step 1: Create a new Project

To create a new project in Android Studio please refer to How to Create/Start a New Project in Android Studio. Note that select Java as the programming language.  



Step 2: Connect your app to Firebase

Refer to Adding Firebase to Android App. You can read About Firebase Realtime Database from here.

Step 3: Working with the AndroidManifest.xml file

For adding data to Firebase we should have to give permissions for accessing the internet. For adding these permissions navigate to the app > AndroidManifest.xml and Inside that file add the below permissions to it.  

<uses-permission android:name=”android.permission.INTERNET” /> 

<uses-permission android:name=”android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE” />

Step 4: Working with the activity_main.xml file

Navigate to the app > res > layout > activity_main.xml and add the below code to that file. Below is the code for the activity_main.xml file. 



XML




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">
  
    <TextView
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:padding="10dp"
        android:text="Dynamic Horizontal Recycler View"
        android:textAlignment="center"
        android:textColor="#000"
        android:textSize="15sp" />
  
    <androidx.recyclerview.widget.RecyclerView
        android:id="@+id/idRVItems"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginTop="5dp"
        android:background="#fff" />
  
</LinearLayout>

Step 5: Now we will create a layout file for our item of RecyclerView  

Navigate to the app > res > layout > Right-click on it and click on New > Layout Resource File and give a name to that file. After creating that file add the below code to it. Here we have given the name content.xml and add the below code to it.  

XML




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout 
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_gravity="center"
    android:gravity="center"
    android:orientation="vertical">
  
    <!--Image view for displaying our image-->
    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/idIVimage"
        android:layout_width="100dp"
        android:layout_height="100dp"
        android:layout_margin="4dp"
        android:background="#fff"
        android:backgroundTint="#fff"
        android:padding="3dp" />
  
    <!--Text view for displaying our text -->
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/idTVtext"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_margin="2dp"
        android:padding="3dp"
        android:text="Category Text"
        android:textAlignment="center"
        android:textColor="#fff" />
  
</LinearLayout>

Step 6: Now we will create a new Java class for storing our data  

For reading data from the Firebase Firestore database, we have to create an Object class and we will read data inside this class. For creating an object class, navigate to the app > java > your app’s package name > Right-click on it and click on New > Java Class and give a name to your class. Here we have given the name as CardModel and add the below code to it.  

Java




public class CardModel {
      
    // variables for storing 
    // our image and name.
    private String name;
    private String imgUrl;
  
    public CardModel() {
        // empty constructor
        // required for firebase.
    }
  
    // constructor for our object class.
    public CardModel(String name, String imgUrl) {
        this.name = name;
        this.imgUrl = imgUrl;
    }
  
    // getter and setter methods
    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }
  
    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }
  
    public String getImgUrl() {
        return imgUrl;
    }
  
    public void setImgUrl(String imgUrl) {
        this.imgUrl = imgUrl;
    }
}

Step 7: Now we will move towards creating an Adapter class

For creating a new Adapter class navigate to the app > java > your app’s package name > Right-click on it and Click on New > Java class and name your java class as AdapterCard and add the below code to it. Comments are added inside the code to understand the code in more detail.

Java




import android.content.Context;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.Toast;
  
import androidx.annotation.NonNull;
import androidx.recyclerview.widget.RecyclerView;
  
import com.squareup.picasso.Picasso;
  
import java.util.ArrayList;
  
public class AdapterCard extends RecyclerView.Adapter<AdapterCard.ViewHolder> {
    private ArrayList<CardModel> dataModalArrayList;
    private Context context;
  
    // constructor class for our Adapter
    public AdapterCard(ArrayList<CardModel> dataModalArrayList, Context context) {
        this.dataModalArrayList = dataModalArrayList;
        this.context = context;
    }
  
    @NonNull
    @Override
    public AdapterCard.ViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(@NonNull ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {
        // passing our layout file for displaying our card item
        return new AdapterCard.ViewHolder(LayoutInflater.from(context).inflate(R.layout.content, parent, false));
    }
  
    @Override
    public void onBindViewHolder(@NonNull AdapterCard.ViewHolder holder, int position) {
        // setting data to our views in Recycler view items.
        final CardModel modal = dataModalArrayList.get(position);
        holder.courseNameTV.setText(modal.getName());
  
        // we are using Picasso to load images
        // from URL inside our image view.
        Picasso.with(holder.courseIV.getContext()).load(modal.getImgUrl()).into(holder.courseIV);
        holder.itemView.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                // setting on click listener
                // for our items of recycler items.
                Toast.makeText(context, "Clicked item is " + modal.getName(), Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }
        });
    }
  
    @Override
    public int getItemCount() {
        // returning the size of array list.
        return dataModalArrayList.size();
    }
  
    public class ViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder {
        // creating variables for our
        // views of recycler items.
        private TextView courseNameTV;
        private ImageView courseIV;
  
        public ViewHolder(@NonNull View itemView) {
            super(itemView);
            // initializing the views of recycler views.
            courseNameTV = itemView.findViewById(R.id.idTVtext);
            courseIV = itemView.findViewById(R.id.idIVimage);
        }
    }
}

Step 8: Working with the MainActivity.java file

Go to the MainActivity.java file and refer to the following code. Below is the code for the MainActivity.java file. Comments are added inside the code to understand the code in more detail.

Java




import android.os.Bundle;
  
import androidx.annotation.NonNull;
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
import androidx.recyclerview.widget.LinearLayoutManager;
import androidx.recyclerview.widget.RecyclerView;
  
import com.google.firebase.database.DataSnapshot;
import com.google.firebase.database.DatabaseError;
import com.google.firebase.database.DatabaseReference;
import com.google.firebase.database.FirebaseDatabase;
import com.google.firebase.database.ValueEventListener;
  
import java.util.ArrayList;
  
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
  
    private RecyclerView courseRV;
    private ArrayList<CardModel> dataModalArrayList;
    private AdapterCard dataRVAdapter;
    private DatabaseReference db;
  
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
  
        // initializing our variables.
        courseRV = findViewById(R.id.idRVItems);
  
        // initializing our variable for firebase
        // firestore and getting its instance.
        db = FirebaseDatabase.getInstance().getReference();
  
        // creating our new array list
        dataModalArrayList = new ArrayList<>();
        courseRV.setHasFixedSize(true);
  
        // adding horizontal layout manager for our recycler view.
        courseRV.setLayoutManager(new LinearLayoutManager(this, LinearLayoutManager.HORIZONTAL, false));
  
        // adding our array list to our recycler view adapter class.
        dataRVAdapter = new AdapterCard(dataModalArrayList, this);
  
        // setting adapter to our recycler view.
        courseRV.setAdapter(dataRVAdapter);
  
        loadrecyclerViewData();
    }
  
    private void loadrecyclerViewData() {
        DatabaseReference reference = FirebaseDatabase.getInstance().getReference("topics");
        reference.addValueEventListener(new ValueEventListener() {
            @Override
            public void onDataChange(@NonNull DataSnapshot dataSnapshot) {
                dataModalArrayList.clear();
                for (DataSnapshot dataSnapshot1 : dataSnapshot.getChildren()) {
                    CardModel modelCourses1 = dataSnapshot1.getValue(CardModel.class);
                    dataModalArrayList.add(modelCourses1);
                    dataRVAdapter = new AdapterCard(dataModalArrayList, MainActivity.this);
                    courseRV.setAdapter(dataRVAdapter);
                }
            }
  
            @Override
            public void onCancelled(@NonNull DatabaseError databaseError) {
  
            }
        });
    }
}

Here We are going to show how to add Data to Firebase

Go to the firebase console > open your project and click on the Realtime Database in the left panel.

Step 1: Firstly We will create a node of name topics

Step 2: Then we will add our item node in the database with name and image link

Step 3: Here we can see that we have added all the item 

Now run the app and see the output of the code below.

Output:

Attention reader! Don’t stop learning now. Get hold of all the important Java Foundation and Collections concepts with the Fundamentals of Java and Java Collections Course at a student-friendly price and become industry ready. To complete your preparation from learning a language to DS Algo and many more,  please refer Complete Interview Preparation Course.

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :