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How to Create Advanced Charts and Graphs in Excel?

Last Updated : 11 Jan, 2023
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Charts, graphics, and images are excellent ways to visualize and convey data, and Excel does the same for us by generating charts automatically. We might occasionally want to go beyond the basic charts that Excel generates for us. Let’s learn about advanced charts and graphs used in excel,

Advanced Chart

A more complex chart than Excel’s default one is referred to as an advanced chart. If you want to compare many sets of data on the same chart, you can start by creating your basic chart with just one set of data, then add other datasets and other elements, such as formatting. Advanced charts are all about this. For complicated charts in Excel, they provide aggregated data in a single chart, making it simpler to evaluate many data sets and take quick decisions. They let us modify how the expert Excel charts appear and operate.

How to Add Charts and Graphs in Excel

Below are the steps to add charts and graphs in excel:

Step 1: First open the MS-EXCEL and then write your data there in the sheet.

 Data-in-excel-sheet

 

Step 2: Then select all your data. Go to the insert option, from this you can insert any type of chart and graph according to your data.

select-data-and-go-to-insert

 

Step 3: You will find different charts that are shown below. When hovering over the chart it shows a brief description and the kind of data it should be used is included in each part.

Different-charts-in-excel

Charts in excel

Now we are going to discuss all the charts in detail.

Column or Bar Chart

When displaying categorical data, a bar chart or bar graph employs rectangular bars with heights or lengths proportional to the values they stand for. Vertical or horizontal bar plots are both possible. Vertical bar graphs are also referred to as column charts. Any type of data column or bar chart can be used. For example, if we have to show the above-mentioned data in a column chart then.

Step 1: Select all the data. Click on insert a column or bar chart.

Select-insert-a-column-or-bar-chart.

insert column or bar chart

Step 2: You will observe the column and bar chart in 2-D and 3-D forms.

different-column-and-bar-chart-in-2-D and 3-D forms.

 

Step 3: Here, We are choosing the clustered column for our data representation.

choosing-clustered-column

 

Step 4: Now we can see the clustered column chart with the table.

see-clustered-column-chart-with-table.

 

Bar Chart

Step 1: If we have to show the above-mentioned data in a bar chart for that you need to follow step1 and step2 as same. and then you just have to choose a clustered bar chart this time.

choose-clustered-bar-chart

 

Step 2: Now we can see the clustered bar chart with the table.

see-clustered-bar-chart-with-table.

 

Pie or Doughnut Chart

A pie chart is a circular graph that resembles a pie cut into slices (sectors). Slices display the percentage that each value makes up of the total, with the area of each slice corresponding to the amount it stands for and the circle signifying 100%. A doughnut chart is a pie diagram with a blank circle in the center. When comparing categories in tiny data sets, pie charts are frequently utilized. When there are more than a handful of categories, they shouldn’t be used and cannot be multiple-series. For example, if we want to show the given below data in a pie chart then:

Data-in-excel

 

Step 1: Select all the data. Go to the option insert and then in the chart group select pie or doughnut chart.

insert-pie-or-doughnut-chart

 

Step 2: You will observe here the pie chart in 2-D and 3-D forms.

pie-chart-in-2-D-and-3-D-forms.

 

Step 3: We are here using the 2-D pie option that is shown below image:

using-2-D-pie-option

 

Step 4: Now we can see the pie chart with the table.

pie-chart

pie chart

Doughnut Chart

Step 1: If we have to show the above-mentioned data in a doughnut chart for that you need to follow step1 and step2 the same and then you just have to choose a doughnut chart option this time.

choosing-doughnut-chart-option

 

Step 2: Now we can see the doughnut chart with the table.

doughnut-chart

 

Line and Area Chart

Typically, line charts are used to discuss trends over a specific period. The X-axis represents certain significant measurements, whereas the Y-axis displays numerical values. Since you can see the specific trend for each data category on a line chart, they are simple to interpret. In practice, finance managers welcome line types to examine trends in earnings and other aspects of the business. Line charts and area charts both follow similar patterns. However, a certain hue fills the space between each line and the X-axis. Area charts are typically the best choice for showing changes between various data sources. For example, if we want to show the given below data in a line chart then,

Dataset

 

Step 1: Select all the data. Go to the option insert line or area chart.

inserting-line-or-area-chart.

insert line or area chart

Step 2: You will observe the line and area chart in 2-D and 3-D forms.

different-line-and-area-chart-in-2-D-and-3-D

 

Step 3: Here, we are using a 2-D normal line chart.

using-2-D-normal-line-chart.

 

Step 4: Now we can see the line chart with the table.

line-chart

 

Area Chart

Step 1: If we have to show the above-mentioned data in an area chart for that you need to follow step 1 and step 2 the same and then you just have to choose an area chart option this time.

selecting-an-area-chart

 

Step 2: Now we can see the area chart with the table.

area-chart

 

Histogram

A histogram is a diagram that shows how numerical data are distributed. A histogram is a column chart that more easily conveys the frequency of data within a given range. Utilizing the number of data points that fall inside a given range of values, allows the visualization of numerical data. For any type of data, the histogram can be used. For example, if we want to show the given below data in a histogram then:

dataset

 

Step 1: Select all the data. Go to the option insert statistic chart.

 inserting-statistic-chart.

 

Step 2: You will observe here the histogram and box & whisker.

histogram-and-box-&-whisker.

 

Step 3: Here we are going to choose a histogram.

choosing-histogram

 

Step 4: Now we can see the histogram with the table.

histogram

 

Box and Whisker

A box-and-whisker chart shows quartiles and groups of numerical data from the data collection. The box depicting the lower and upper quartiles and the lines extending from it gave this visualization its original name, the boxplot chart (whisker). For example, if we want to show the given below data in a box and whisker then:

Dataset

data

Step 1: Select all the data. Go to the option insert statistics chart.

inserting-statistic-chart

 

Step 2: You will observe here histograms and box & whisker chart.

observing-histograms-and-box-&-whisker-chart.

 

Step 3: Here we are going to choose a box and whisker chart.

selecting-box-and-whisker-chart

 

Step 4: Now we can see the box and whisker chart with the table.

box-and-whisker-chart

 

Treemap and Sunburst

These two styles of charts make it simple to identify data patterns or compare data volumes. You can use a Treemap or sunburst chart in Reports to show the hierarchy by choosing members and functions from a single dimension. Additionally, you can define element colors and chart characteristics as necessary. A treemap chart is a type of data visualization that uses stacked rectangles of various sizes and colors to display hierarchical data. Each level of the hierarchy is represented by a rectangle, also known as a branch, that contains further rectangles (leaves). Another tool for representing hierarchical data structures is a sunburst chart. An inner circle and outside rings of higher hierarchical levels make up a sunburst chart. For example, if we want to show the given below data in a treemap then:

dataset

 

Step 1: Select all the data. Go to the option insert hierarchy chart.

inserting-hierarchy-charts

 

Step 2: You will observe here treemap and sunburst.

options-available

 

Step 3: Here we are going to choose a treemap.

choosing-treemap

 

Step 4: Now we can see the treemap with the table.

treemap

 

Sunburst

For example, if we want to show the given below data in a sunburst then:

dataset

data

Step 1: If we have to show the above-mentioned data in a sunburst for that you need to follow step1 and step2 the same and then you just have to choose a sunburst option this time.

choosing-sunburst

 

Step 2: Now we can see the sunburst with the table.

sunburst-chart

 

Map

The newest versions of Microsoft Excel have the Excel Map Chart feature. It enables beautiful and creative visualization of any kind of geographic data. The Map Chart’s cool feature is the automatic geographic data identification and recognition, which eliminates the need for you to manually match your data points with a certain map area. Excel takes care of everything instead, regardless of whether your data are at the level of a country, state, country, or even postal code. For example, if we want to show the given below data on a map then:

Dataset

 

Step 1: Select all the data. Go to option maps.

inserting-map-data

 

Step 2: Here you just need to choose maps.

choosing-filled-maps

 

Step 3: Now we can see the map with the table.

map-chart

 

Scatter or Bubble Chart

Both of these charts make it simple to understand the relationship between the two values for all of the chart’s elements because the X-axis shows one numerical field and the y-axis shows another. The size of the data points in bubble charts is determined by a third numerical variable. Both bubble and scatter charts can simultaneously display two or more data dimensions. Data linked to risk management, audit, and SOX processes are frequently communicated via bubble and scatter charts. For example, if we want to show the given below data in a scatter(X, Y) chart then:

dataset

 

Step 1: Select all the data. Go to the option insert scatter (X, Y) and bubble chart.

inserting-scatter-or-bubble-chart

 

Step 2: You will observe here bubble and scatter charts.

bubble-and-scatter-charts.

 

Step 3: Choose a normal scatter chart.

choosing-a-scatter-chart

 

Step 4: Now we can see the scatter chart with the table.

scatter-chart

 

Bubble Chart

Step 1: If we have to show the above-mentioned data in a bubble chart for that you need to follow step 1 and step 2 the same and then you just have to choose a bubble chart option this time.

choosing-a-bubble-chart

 

Step 2: Now we can see the bubble chart with the table.

bubble-chart

 

Waterfall Chart

A waterfall chart sometimes referred to as a flying bricks chart or a Mario chart aids in understanding the cumulative impact of successively added positive or negative values that may be time- or category-based. The individual negative and positive modifications are shown as floating steps, and the initial and end values are displayed as columns. Some waterfall charts join the lines that separate the columns to give the impression that the chart is a bridge.

For example, if we want to show the given below data in a waterfall chart then:

Dataset

 

Step 1: Select all the data. Go to the insert waterfall option that is shown in the below image.

inserting-waterfall-chart

 

Step 2: You will observe here many charts that are shown below in the image.

options-available

 

Step 3: Here we are going to choose a waterfall chart.

choosing-waterfall-chart

 

Step 4: Now we can see the waterfall with the table.

waterfall-chart

 

Combo Chart

In Excel, a combo chart or combination chart is more frequently used. It combines two or more distinct Excel charts. For example, if we want to show the given below data in a combo chart then:

Dataset

 

Step 1: Select all the data. Go to the Insert combo chart option that is shown in the below image.

inserting-combo-chart

 

Step 2: You will observe here many charts that are shown below in the image.

options-available

 

Step 3: Choose a clustered column-Line chart.

choosing-clustered-column-line-chart

 

Step 4: Now we can see the clustered column line chart with the table.

clustered-column-line-chart

 



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