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How to Create a Scatter Chart in Android to Represent Data?
  • Last Updated : 17 Jan, 2021

If you are looking for showing a huge quantity of data and you are searching for a different UI design for the representation of this type of views. Then you can represent this view using a scatter chart. A Scatter chart is used to represent data. By using this scatter chart you can easily represent data in scattered form. In this article, we will see the implementation of the Scatter Chart in Android. 

What we are going to build in this article? 

We will be building a simple chart in which we will be displaying a chart in which we will be displaying data. A sample GIF is given below to get an idea about what we are going to do in this article. Note that we are going to implement this project using the Java language. 

Create a Scatter Chart in Android Sample GIF

Important Attributes of Scattered Chart

Attribute

Uses



setDrawGridBackgroundThis method is use to set the background to the grid.
setTouchEnabledThis method is used to enable gestures on our charts.
setMaxHighlightDistanceSets the maximum distance in screen dp a touch can be away from an entry to cause it to get highlighted.
setDragEnabledThis method is used to enable and disable dragging.
setScaleEnabledThis method is used to enable scaling. 
setMaxVisibleValueCountSets the number of maximum visible drawn values on the chart only active when setDrawValues() is enabled
setPinchZoomIt is used to scale both the x and the y-axis with zoom. 
getLegendThis method is used to get the legend of the chart.
getAxisLeftReturns left y-axis object.
getAxisRightReturns right y-axis object.
setDrawGridLinesThis method is used to draw grid lines. 
setScatterShapeSets the ScatterShape this DataSet should be drawn with. This will search for an available IShapeRenderer and set this renderer for the DataSet.
setDataSets new data objects for our chart.
invalidateThis method is used to invalidate the view if the view is enabled.

Step by Step Implementation

Step 1: Create a New Project

To create a new project in Android Studio please refer to How to Create/Start a New Project in Android Studio. Note that select Java as the programming language.

Step 2: Add dependency to build.gradle(Module:app)

Navigate to the Gradle Scripts > build.gradle(Module:app) and add the below dependency in the dependencies section.   

implementation ‘com.github.PhilJay:MPAndroidChart:v3.1.0’

After adding this navigate to the build.gradle (Project) and add the below line to it inside the repositories section. 

allprojects {

   repositories {



       // add below line in repositories section

       maven { url ‘https://jitpack.io’ }

       google()

       jcenter()

    }

Step 3: Working with the activity_main.xml file

Go to the activity_main.xml file and refer to the following code. Below is the code for the activity_main.xml file.

XML




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">
  
    <com.github.mikephil.charting.charts.ScatterChart
        android:id="@+id/chart1"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent" />
  
</RelativeLayout>

Step 4: Working with the MainActivity.java file

Go to the MainActivity.java file and refer to the following code. Below is the code for the MainActivity.java file. Comments are added inside the code to understand the code in more detail.

Java




import android.os.Bundle;
  
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
  
import com.github.mikephil.charting.charts.ScatterChart;
import com.github.mikephil.charting.components.Legend;
import com.github.mikephil.charting.components.XAxis;
import com.github.mikephil.charting.components.YAxis;
import com.github.mikephil.charting.data.Entry;
import com.github.mikephil.charting.data.ScatterData;
import com.github.mikephil.charting.data.ScatterDataSet;
import com.github.mikephil.charting.interfaces.datasets.IScatterDataSet;
import com.github.mikephil.charting.utils.ColorTemplate;
  
import java.util.ArrayList;
  
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    // creating a variable for scatter chart
    private ScatterChart chart;
  
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
  
        // initializing our scatter chart.
        chart = findViewById(R.id.chart1);
          
        // below line is use to disable the description 
        // of our scatter chart.
        chart.getDescription().setEnabled(false);
          
        // below line is use to draw grid background 
        // and we are setting it to false.
        chart.setDrawGridBackground(false);
          
        // below line is use to set touch 
        // enable for our chart.
        chart.setTouchEnabled(true);
          
        // below line is use to set maximum 
        // highlight distance for our chart.
        chart.setMaxHighlightDistance(50f);
          
        // below line is use to set
        // dragging for our chart.
        chart.setDragEnabled(true);
          
        // below line is use to set scale
        // to our chart.
        chart.setScaleEnabled(true);
          
        // below line is use to set maximum 
        // visible count to our chart.
        chart.setMaxVisibleValueCount(200);
          
        // below line is use to set 
        // pinch zoom to our chart.
        chart.setPinchZoom(true);
          
        // below line we are getting 
        // the legend of our chart.
        Legend l = chart.getLegend();
          
        // after getting our chart
        // we are setting our chart for vertical and horizontal
        // alignment to top, right and vertical.
        l.setVerticalAlignment(Legend.LegendVerticalAlignment.TOP);
        l.setHorizontalAlignment(Legend.LegendHorizontalAlignment.RIGHT);
        l.setOrientation(Legend.LegendOrientation.VERTICAL);
          
        // below line is use for 
        // setting draw inside to false.
        l.setDrawInside(false);
          
        // below line is use to set 
        // offset value for our legend.
        l.setXOffset(5f);
          
        // below line is use to get 
        // y-axis of our chart.
        YAxis yl = chart.getAxisLeft();
          
        // below line is use to set 
        // minimum axis to our y axis.
        yl.setAxisMinimum(0f);
          
        // below line is use to get axis
        // right of our chart
        chart.getAxisRight().setEnabled(false);
          
        // below line is use to get
        // x axis of our chart.
        XAxis xl = chart.getXAxis();
          
        // below line is use to enable
        // drawing of grid lines.
        xl.setDrawGridLines(false);
          
        // in below line we are creating an array list 
        // for each entry of our chart.
        // we will be representing three values in our charts.
        // below is the line where we are creating three
        // lines for our chart.
        ArrayList<Entry> values1 = new ArrayList<>();
        ArrayList<Entry> values2 = new ArrayList<>();
        ArrayList<Entry> values3 = new ArrayList<>();
          
        // on below line we are adding data to our charts.
        for (int i = 0; i < 11; i++) {
            values1.add(new Entry(i, (i * 2)));
        }
          
        // on below line we are adding
        // data to our value 2
        for (int i = 11; i < 21; i++) {
            values2.add(new Entry(i, (i * 3)));
        }
          
        // on below line we are adding
        // data to our 3rd value.
        for (int i = 21; i < 31; i++) {
            values3.add(new Entry(i, (i * 4)));
        }
          
        // create a data set and give it a type
        ScatterDataSet set1 = new ScatterDataSet(values1, "Point 1");
          
        // below line is use to set shape for our point on our graph.
        set1.setScatterShape(ScatterChart.ScatterShape.SQUARE);
          
        // below line is for setting color to our shape.
        set1.setColor(ColorTemplate.COLORFUL_COLORS[0]);
          
        // below line is use to create a new point for our scattered chart.
        ScatterDataSet set2 = new ScatterDataSet(values2, "Point 2");
          
        // for this point we are setting our shape to circle
        set2.setScatterShape(ScatterChart.ScatterShape.CIRCLE);
          
        // below line is for setting color to our point in chart.
        set2.setScatterShapeHoleColor(ColorTemplate.COLORFUL_COLORS[3]);
          
        // below line is use to set hole 
        // radius to our point in chart.
        set2.setScatterShapeHoleRadius(3f);
          
        // below line is use to set color to our set.
        set2.setColor(ColorTemplate.COLORFUL_COLORS[1]);
          
        // in below line we are creating a third data set for our chart.
        ScatterDataSet set3 = new ScatterDataSet(values3, "Point 3");
          
        // inside this 3rd data set we are setting its color.
        set3.setColor(ColorTemplate.COLORFUL_COLORS[2]);
          
        // below line is use to set shape size
        // for our data set of the chart.
        set1.setScatterShapeSize(8f);
        set2.setScatterShapeSize(8f);
        set3.setScatterShapeSize(8f);
          
        // in below line we are creating a new array list for our data set.
        ArrayList<IScatterDataSet> dataSets = new ArrayList<>();
          
        // in below line we are adding all 
        // data sets to above array list.
        dataSets.add(set1); // add the data sets
        dataSets.add(set2);
        dataSets.add(set3);
  
        // create a data object with the data sets
        ScatterData data = new ScatterData(dataSets);
          
        // below line is use to set data to our chart
        chart.setData(data);
          
        // at last we are calling
        // invalidate method on our chart.
        chart.invalidate();
    }
}

After adding the above code now run your app and see the output of the app. 

Output:

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