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How to Convert Integers to Strings in Pandas DataFrame?

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  • Last Updated : 01 Aug, 2020

In this article, we’ll look at different methods to convert an integer into a string in a Pandas dataframe. In Pandas, there are different functions that we can use to achieve this task :

  • map(str)
  • astype(str)
  • apply(str)
  • applymap(str)

Example 1 : In this example, we’ll convert each value of a column of integers to string using the map(str) function.




# importing pandas as pd
import pandas as pd 
  
# creating a dictionary of integers
dict = {'Integers' : [10, 50, 100, 350, 700]}
  
# creating dataframe from dictionary
df = pd.DataFrame.from_dict(dict)
print(df)
print(df.dtypes)
  
print('\n')
  
# converting each value of column to a string
df['Integers'] = df['Integers'].map(str)
print(df)
print(df.dtypes)

Output :

We can see in the above output that before the the datatype was int64 and after the conversion to a string, the datatype is an object which represents a string.

Example 2 : In this example, we’ll convert each value of a column of integers to string using the astype(str) function.




# importing pandas as pd
import pandas as pd 
  
# creating a dictionary of integers
dict = {'Integers' : [10, 50, 100, 350, 700]}
  
# creating dataframe from dictionary
df = pd.DataFrame.from_dict(dict)
print(df)
print(df.dtypes)
  
print('\n')
  
# converting each value of column to a string
df['Integers'] = df['Integers'].astype(str)
  
print(df)
print(df.dtypes)

Output :

We can see in the above output that before the the datatype was int64 and after the conversion to a string, the datatype is an object which represents a string.

Example 3 : In this example, we’ll convert each value of a column of integers to string using the apply(str) function.




# importing pandas as pd
import pandas as pd 
  
# creating a dictionary of integers
dict = {'Integers' : [10, 50, 100, 350, 700]}
  
# creating dataframe from dictionary
df = pd.DataFrame.from_dict(dict)
print(df)
print(df.dtypes)
  
print('\n')
  
# converting each value of column to a string
df['Integers'] = df['Integers'].apply(str)
print(df)
print(df.dtypes)

Output :

We can see in the above output that before the the datatype was int64 and after the conversion to a string, the datatype is an object which represents a string.

Example 4 : All the methods we saw above, convert a single column from an integer to a string. But we can also convert the whole dataframe into a string using the applymap(str) method.




# importing pandas as pd
import pandas as pd 
  
# creating a dictionary of integers
dict = {'Roll No.' : [1, 2, 3, 4, 5], 'Marks':[79, 85, 91, 81, 95]}
  
# creating dataframe from dictionary
df = pd.DataFrame.from_dict(dict)
print(df)
print(df.dtypes)
  
print('\n')
  
# converting each value of column to a string
df = df.applymap(str)
print(df)
print(df.dtypes)

Output :

We can see in the above output that before the the datatype was int64 and after the conversion to a string, the datatype is an object which represents a string.


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