The base64_encode() function is an inbuilt function in PHP which is used to convert any data to base64 encoding. In order to convert an image into base64 encoding firstly need to get the contents of file. This can be done with the help of file_get_contents() function of PHP. Then pass this raw data to base64_encode() function to encode.
- base64_encode() Function The base64_encode() function is an inbuilt function in PHP which is used to Encodes data with MIME base64. MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) base64 is used to encode the string in base64. The base64_encoded data takes 33% more space then original data.
- file_get_contents() Function The file_get_contents() function in PHP is an inbuilt function which is used to read a file into a string. The function uses memory mapping techniques which are supported by the server and thus enhances the performances making it a preferred way of reading contents of a file.