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How to change the background color of the active nav-item?

  • Last Updated : 10 Jun, 2020

Given an HTML document containing a list of items and the task is to change the background color of list of items when the item is active. The state of list of items can be changed by changing the background-color CSS property.

Syntax: 

background-color: color | transparent; 

Property Values:

  • color: It specifies the background color of element. 
  • transparent: It specifies that the background color should be transparent.

Hence, the background color of an active nav-item can be changed in the following manner by changing the background-color CSS property.

Syntax : 



.navbar-nav > .active > a { 
    background-color: color ; 
}

Example:

html




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
  
    <title>
        How to change the background 
        color of the active nav-item?
    </title>
</head>
  
<body>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href=
    <script src=
    </script>
    <script src=
    </script>
    <script src=
    </script>
  
    <style>
        .nav-link {
            color: green;
        }
  
        .nav-item>a:hover {
            color: green;
        }
  
        /*code to change background color*/
        .navbar-nav>.active>a {
            background-color: #C0C0C0;
            color: green;
        }
    </style>
    <ul class="navbar-nav">
        <li class="nav-item active">
            <a class="nav-link" href="#">
                Home 
                <span class="sr-only">
                    (current)
                </span>
            </a>
        </li>
        <li class="nav-item">
            <a class="nav-link" href="#">
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            </a>
        </li>
        <li class="nav-item">
            <a class="nav-link" href="#">
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            </a>
        </li>
        <li class="nav-item">
            <a class="nav-link disabled"
                href="#">Disabled</a>
        </li>
    </ul>
  
    <script>
        $(document).ready(function () {
  
            $('ul.navbar-nav > li')
                    .click(function (e) {
                $('ul.navbar-nav > li')
                    .removeClass('active');
                $(this).addClass('active');
            });
        });
    </script>
</body>
  
</html>

Output:

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