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How to change the background color after clicking the button in JavaScript ?
  • Last Updated : 11 Jun, 2019
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Given an HTML document and the task is to change the background color of the document using JavaScript and jQuery.

Approach 1: This approach uses JavaScript to change the background color after clicking the button.
Use HTML DOM Style backgroundColor Property to change the background color after clicking the button. This property is used to set the background-color of an element.

Example: This example changes the background color with the help of JavaScript.




<!DOCTYPE HTML> 
<html
    <head
        <title
            How to change the background color
            after clicking the button ?
        </title>
    </head
      
    <body style = "text-align:center;">
           
        <h1 style = "color:green;"
            GeeksForGeeks 
        </h1
          
        <p id = "GFG_UP" style =
            "font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold;">     
        </p>
          
        <button onclick = "gfg_Run()"
            Click here
        </button>
          
        <p id = "GFG_DOWN" style =
            "color:green; font-size: 20px; font-weight: bold;">
        </p>
          
        <script>
            var el_up = document.getElementById("GFG_UP");
            var el_down = document.getElementById("GFG_DOWN");
            var str = "Click on button to change the background color";
          
            el_up.innerHTML = str;
          
            function changeColor(color) {
                document.body.style.background = color;
            }
              
            function gfg_Run() {
                changeColor('yellow');
                el_down.innerHTML = "Background Color changed";
            }         
        </script
    </body
</html>                    

Output:

  • Before clicking on the button:
  • After clicking on the button:

Approach 2: This approach uses jQuery to change the background color after clicking the button.



  • The text() method is used to set the text content to the selected element.
  • The on() method is used as event handlers for the selected elements and child elements.
  • The css() method is used to change/set the background color of the element.

Example: This example changes the background color with the help of JQuery.




<!DOCTYPE HTML> 
<html
    <head
        <title
            How to change the background color after
            clicking the button in jQuery ?
        </title>
          
        <script src =
        </script>
    </head
      
    <body style = "text-align:center;">
           
        <h1 style = "color:green;"
            GeeksForGeeks 
        </h1
          
        <p id = "GFG_UP" style
            "font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold;">     
        </p>
          
        <button
            Click here
        </button>
          
        <p id = "GFG_DOWN" style
            "color:green; font-size: 20px; font-weight: bold;">
        </p>
          
        <script>
            $('#GFG_UP').text("Click on button to change the background color");
            $('button').on('click', function() {
                $('body').css('background', '#ccc');
                $('#GFG_DOWN').text("Background Color Changed!");
            }); 
        </script
    </body
</html>                    

Output:

  • Before clicking on the button:
  • After clicking on the button:

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