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How to change the background color after clicking the button in JavaScript ?

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  • Difficulty Level : Expert
  • Last Updated : 10 Nov, 2022
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Given an HTML document and the task is to change the background color of the document using JavaScript and jQuery. 

Approach 1: This approach uses JavaScript to change the background color after clicking the button. Use HTML DOM Style backgroundColor Property to change the background color after clicking the button. This property is used to set the background-color of an element. 

Example: This example changes the background color with the help of JavaScript

html




<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html>
  
<head>
    <title>
        How to change the background color
        after clicking the button ?
    </title>
</head>
  
<body style="text-align:center;">
  
    <h1 style="color:green;">
        GeeksforGeeks
    </h1>
  
    <p id="GFG_UP" style="font-size: 16px;
                          font-weight: bold;">
    </p>
  
    <button onclick="gfg_Run()">
        Click here
    </button>
  
    <p id="GFG_DOWN" style="color:green; 
                            font-size: 20px;
                            font-weight: bold;">
    </p>
  
    <script>
        var el_up = document.getElementById("GFG_UP");
        var el_down = document.getElementById("GFG_DOWN");
        var str = "Click on button to change the background color";
                  
        el_up.innerHTML = str;
                  
        function changeColor(color) {
            document.body.style.background = color;
        }
          
        function gfg_Run() {
            changeColor('yellow');
            el_down.innerHTML = "Background Color changed";
        }        
    </script>
</body>
  
</html>

Output: 

 

 

Approach 2: This approach uses jQuery to change the background color after clicking the button.

  • The text() method is used to set the text content to the selected element.
  • The on() method is used as event handlers for the selected elements and child elements.
  • The css() method is used to change/set the background color of the element.

Example: This example changes the background color with the help of JQuery

html




<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html>
  
<head>
    <title>
        How to change the background color after
        clicking the button in jQuery ?
    </title>
  
    </script>
</head>
  
<body style="text-align:center;">
  
    <h1 style="color:green;">
        GeeksforGeeks
    </h1>
  
    <p id="GFG_UP" style="font-size: 16px; 
                          font-weight: bold;">
    </p>
  
    <button>
        Click here
    </button>
  
    <p id="GFG_DOWN" style="color:green; 
                            font-size: 20px; 
                            font-weight: bold;">
    </p>
  
    <script>
        $('#GFG_UP').text("Click on button to change the background color");
        $('button').on('click', function() {
            $('body').css('background', '#ccc');
            $('#GFG_DOWN').text("Background Color Changed!");
        });
    </script>
</body>
  
</html>

Output:

 

 

JavaScript is best known for web page development but it is also used in a variety of non-browser environments. You can learn JavaScript from the ground up by following this JavaScript Tutorial and JavaScript Examples.

jQuery is an open source JavaScript library that simplifies the interactions between an HTML/CSS document, It is widely famous with it’s philosophy of “Write less, do more”. You can learn jQuery from the ground up by following this jQuery Tutorial and jQuery Examples.


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