How to calculate probability in a normal distribution given mean and standard deviation in Python?
A normal distribution is a type of continuous probability distribution for a real-valued random variable. It is based on mean and standard deviation. The probability distribution function or PDF computes the likelihood of a single point in the distribution. The general formula to calculate PDF for the normal distribution is
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- µ is the mean
- σ is the standard deviation of the distribution
- x is the number
for which PDF is to be calculated.. We can calculate probability in a normal distribution using SciPy module.
pip install scipy
We will use scipy.stats.norm.pdf() method to calculate the probability distribution for a number x.
Syntax: scipy.stats.norm.pdf(x, loc=None, scale=None)
- x : array-like object, for which probability is to be calculated.
- loc : optional (default=0), represents mean of the distribution.
- scale : optional (default=1), represents standard deviation of the distribution.
Returns: A probability density function calculated at x as a ndarray object.
In scipy the functions used to calculate mean and standard deviation are mean() and std() respectively.
- For mean
- For standard deviation
- Import module
- Create necessary data
- Supply the function with required values
- Display value