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How to align Placeholder Text in HTML ?

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  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 12 Jun, 2022

The placeholder attribute specifies a short hint that describes the expected value of a input field / textarea. The short hint is displayed in the field before the user enters a value. In most of the browsers, placeholder texts are usually aligned in left. The selector uses text-align property to set the text alignment in the placeholder. This selector can change browser to browser. For example:

  • For Chrome, Mozilla, and Opera Browsers:
::placeholder
  • For Internet Explorer and Microsoft Edge:
:-ms-input-placeholder

Example 1: This example describes only placeholder alignment, it does not align placeholder value. 

html




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
    <head>
        <title>Change Placeholder alignment</title>
        <style>
            input[type="email"]::placeholder {
                 
                /* Firefox, Chrome, Opera */
                text-align: center;
            }
            input[type="text"]::placeholder {
                 
                /* Firefox, Chrome, Opera */
                text-align: right;
            }
            input[type="tel"]::placeholder {
                 
                /* Firefox, Chrome, Opera */
                text-align: left;
            }
            input[type="email"]:-ms-input-placeholder {
                 
                /* Internet Explorer 10-11 */
                text-align: center;
            }
            input[type="email"]::-ms-input-placeholder {
                 
                /* Microsoft Edge */
                text-align: center;
            }
            body {
                text-align:center;
            }
            h1 {
                color:green;
            }
        </style>
    </head>
    <body>
        <h1>GeeksforGeeks</h1>
        <h3>Placeholder Text Alignment</h3>
        <p>Center Aligned<br><input type="email"
        placeholder="Email"></p><br>
         
        <p>Right Aligned<br><input type="text"
        placeholder="Name"></p><br>
         
        <p>Left Aligned<br><input type="tel"
        placeholder="Phone Number"></p>
    </body>
</html>                   

Output: null Example 2: This example describes the placeholder and placeholder value align. 

html




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
    <head>
        <title>Change Placeholder alignment</title>
        <style>
            input[type="email"]{
                text-align: center;
            }
            input[type="text"] {
                text-align: right;
            }
            input[type="tel"] {
                text-align: left;
            }
            body {
                text-align:center;
            }
            h1 {
                color:green;
            }
        </style>
    </head>
    <body>
        <h1>GeeksforGeeks</h1>
        <h3>Placeholder Text Alignment</h3>
        <p>Center Aligned<br><input type="email"
        placeholder="Email"></p><br>
         
        <p>Right Aligned<br><input type="text"
        placeholder="Name"></p><br>
         
        <p>Left Aligned<br><input type="tel" placeholder="Phone Number"></p>
    </body>
</html>                   

Output:


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