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How does Query.prototype.limit() work in Mongoose ?

  • Last Updated : 17 Mar, 2021

The Query.prototype.limit() function is used to specify the maximum number of documents the query will return. It accepts a number type parameter.

Syntax: 

Query.prototype.limit()

Parameters: This function has one num parameter of number type.

Return Value: This function returns Query Object.
Installing mongoose : 

npm install mongoose

After installing the mongoose module, you can check your mongoose version in the command prompt using the command. 



npm mongoose --version

After that, you can just create a folder and add a file for example, index.js as shown below.

Database: The sample database used here is shown below.

Project structure: The project structure will look like this.

Example 1: 

index.js




const mongoose = require('mongoose');
  
// Database connection
    useNewUrlParser: true,
    useCreateIndex: true,
    useUnifiedTopology: true
});
  
// User model
const User = mongoose.model('User', { 
    name: { type: String },
    age: { type: Number }
});
  
var query = User.find()
  
query.limit(2).exec(function(err, res) {
    if(err) console.log(err.message)
    else console.log(res)
});

Run index.js file using below command: 

node index.js

Output: 

[
  { _id: 5ebb9129a99bde77b2efb809, name: 'Gourav', age: 10, __v: 0 },
  { _id: 5ebc3669a99bde77b2efb9ba, name: 'Lalit', age: 25, __v: 0 }
]

Example 2: 

index.js




const express = require('express');
const mongoose = require('mongoose');
const app = express()
  
// Database connection
    useNewUrlParser: true,
    useCreateIndex: true,
    useUnifiedTopology: true
});
  
// User model
const User = mongoose.model('User', { 
    name: { type: String },
    age: { type: Number }
});
  
var query = User.find()
  
query.limit(4).exec(function(err, res){
    if(err) console.log(err.message)
    else console.log(res)
});
  
app.listen(3000, function(error ) {
    if(error) console.log(error)
    console.log("Server listening on PORT 3000")
});

Run index.js file using below command: 

node index.js

Output: 

Server listening on PORT 3000
[
  { _id: 5ebb9129a99bde77b2efb809, name: 'Gourav', age: 10, __v: 0 },
  { _id: 5ebc3669a99bde77b2efb9ba, name: 'Lalit', age: 25, __v: 0 },
  { _id: 5ebc367da99bde77b2efb9bf, name: 'Piyush', age: 5, __v: 0 },
  { _id: 5ebd345f5d2d8a3534b2f391, name: 'Manish', age: 34, __v: 0 }
]

Reference: https://mongoosejs.com/docs/api/query.html#query_Query-limit




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