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How do Physiographic and Economic Factors affect the Distribution of Railways?

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  • Last Updated : 04 Aug, 2022
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Railway System is the primary course of the nation’s inland transport. Railroads practically structure the lifeline of the Country, taking special care of its requirements for huge scope development of traffic, both cargo, and traveler, in this manner adding to financial development and furthermore advancing public coordination. As a matter of fact, railroads comprise the foundation of the surface transportation system. The distribution pattern of the Railway network in the country has been largely influenced by physiographic, economic, and administrative factors.

Physiographic Factors

  1. Northern Plains were the best as a result of their level of the land, horticultural ability, and high populace thickness. Be that as it may, building bridges over the huge river network was an issue. There are basically no railways in the flood fields of numerous waterways in Bihar and Assam.
  2. The plateau of South India isn’t as much appropriate for railroads as the North Plain region. The Himalayan locale in the north is for the most part without rail routes because of its tough geography.
  3. Some railroad terminals like Jammu Tawi, Kotdwar, Dehra Dun, Kathgodam, and so on are tracked down in the lower regions. Some limited measure railroad tracks are tracked down in the Himalayan district. 
  4. A rail line interface between Jammu and Kashmir valley is being arranged for an exceptionally extreme price. The sandy areas of Rajasthan are additionally not ideal for rail lines.
  5. In the peninsular region, rail route tracks were made on low slopes or through holes and tunnels since it was a hilly region.
  6. Himalayan mountains are ominous for rail routes in view of the height, meager populace, and less financial exercise.

Economic Factors

Railways turned into a significant industry, stimulating other heavy industries like iron and steel creation. These advances in movement and transport helped drive settlement in the western districts of North America and were necessary to the country’s industrialization. 

  • Railroads develop more in the economically progressed regions where the requirement for a rail route network is felt more. 
  • On the other hand, rail lines carry economic prosperity to the areas through which they pass. This is a direct result of the economic linkages that we find the highest density of railroads close to enormous metropolitan and modern focuses and in regions that are rich in mineral and agricultural resources.
  • State subsidizing assumes an essential part in the improvement of rail routes around the world.
  • The state with adaptable regulations upholds the development of rail routes.

Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1: What elements impact railways?


Factors influencing Railways:

  • Geological factors.
  • Economic factors.
  • Political and Administrative factors.

Question 2: What are the difficulties faced by railways?


Issues looked at by Indian railways are : 

  • It needs to fix and support tracks and bridges. 
  • India as the railway’s operation is on their gauges and shift from gauge to another is an issue. 
  • Rail traffic has expanded and the old tracks can’t convey the expanded burden and mishaps are successive.

Question 3: What are the limitations of railways?


Despite the fact that rail route transport has many benefits, it experiences specific serious restrictions:

  • Tremendous Capital Outlay
  • Absence of Flexibility
  • Absence of Door-to-Door Service
  • Imposing business model
  • Unsatisfactory for Short Distance and Small Loads
  • Booking Formalities
  • No Rural Service
  • Under-used Capacity

Question 4: What are the issues in Indian railroads?


 Major difficulties Indian Railways faces:

  • Railroads keep on dominating Fiscal Jugglery. The working of Indian Railways is up to speed between making it an independent association and serving it as a vehicle framework for poor people.
  • Working Efficiency.
  • Funds and bookkeeping.
  • General failures.
  • Abandoned projects.
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