History of Computer Games

A game is a form of interactive entertainment where players must overcome challenges, by taking actions that are governed by rules, in order to meet a victory condition.

History of Computer Games :

  • 1962: “Spacewar” (Steven Russell) Spacewar! is a space combat video game developed in 1962 by Steve Russell at MIT using vector graphics on PDP-1. It was also spread to many of few dozen, primarily academic, installations of PDP-1 computer, making Spacewar first known video game to be played at multiple computer installations.

  • In 1972, “The Odyssey” became first commercial home video game console when it was released by Magnavox. Odyssey consists of a white, black, and brown box which connects to a television set, and two rectangular controllers attached by wires.

  • Donkey Kong is an arcade game released by Nintendo in 1981. In the game, Mario originally named Mr. Video and then Jumpman must rescue a damsel in distress named Pauline originally named Lady, from a giant ape named Donkey Kong.



  • Tetris is a tile-matching puzzle video game, originally designed and programmed by Russian game designer Alexey Pajitnov. First playable version was completed on June 6, 1984.

  • Solitaire is a computer game included with Microsoft Windows, based on a card game of same name, also known as Klondike. Microsoft has included game as part of its Windows product line since Windows 3.0, starting from 1990.

  • The PlayStation (officially abbreviated to PS, and commonly known as PS1 or its codename, PSX) is a home video game console developed and marketed by Sony Computer Entertainment. The console was released on 3 December 1994 in Japan.

  • The Xbox is a home video game console and first installment in Xbox series of consoles manufactured by Microsoft. It was released on November 15, 2001 in North America.
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