Hashtable put() Method in Java

The java.util.Hashtable.put() method of Hashtable is used to insert a mapping into a table. This means we can insert a specific key and the value it is mapping to into a particular table. If an existing key is passed then the previous value gets replaced by the new value. If a new pair is passed, then the pair gets inserted as a whole.

Syntax:

Hash_Table.put(key, value)

Parameters: The method takes two parameters, both are of the Object type of the Hashtable.

  • key: This refers to the key element that needs to be inserted into the Table for mapping.
  • value: This refers to the value that the above key would map into.

Return Value: If an existing key is passed then the previous value gets returned. If a new pair is passed, then NULL is returned.

Below programs are used to illustrate the working of java.util.Hashtable.put() Method:
Program 1: When passing an existing key.

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// Java code to illustrate the put() method
import java.util.*;
  
public class Hash_Table_Demo {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
  
        // Creating an empty Hashtable
        Hashtable<Integer, String> hash_table = 
                           new Hashtable<Integer, String>();
  
        // Inserting values into the table
        hash_table.put(10, "Geeks");
        hash_table.put(15, "4");
        hash_table.put(20, "Geeks");
        hash_table.put(25, "Welcomes");
        hash_table.put(30, "You");
  
        // Displaying the Hashtable
        System.out.println("Initial table is: " + hash_table);
  
        // Inserting existing key along with new value
        String returned_value = (String)hash_table.put(20, "All");
  
        // Verifying the returned value
        System.out.println("Returned value is: " + returned_value);
  
        // Displaying the new table
        System.out.println("New table is: " + hash_table);
    }
}

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Output:

Initial table is: {10=Geeks, 20=Geeks, 30=You, 15=4, 25=Welcomes}
Returned value is: Geeks
New table is: {10=Geeks, 20=All, 30=You, 15=4, 25=Welcomes}

Program 2: When passing a new key.

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// Java code to illustrate the put() method
import java.util.*;
  
public class Hash_Table_Demo {
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
  
        // Creating an empty Hashtable
        Hashtable<Integer, String> hash_table = 
                           new Hashtable<Integer, String>();
  
        // Inserting values into the table
        hash_table.put(10, "Geeks");
        hash_table.put(15, "4");
        hash_table.put(20, "Geeks");
        hash_table.put(25, "Welcomes");
        hash_table.put(30, "You");
  
        // Displaying the Hashtable
        System.out.println("Initial table is: " + hash_table);
  
        // Inserting existing key along with new value
        String returned_value = (String)hash_table.put(50, "All");
  
        // Verifying the returned value
        System.out.println("Returned value is: " + returned_value);
  
        // Displaying the new table
        System.out.println("New table is: " + hash_table);
    }
}

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Output:

Initial table is: {10=Geeks, 20=Geeks, 30=You, 15=4, 25=Welcomes}
Returned value is: null
New table is: {10=Geeks, 20=Geeks, 30=You, 50=All, 15=4, 25=Welcomes}

Note: The same operation can be performed with any type of variation and combination of different data types.



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