Hadoop – getmerge Command

Hadoop -getmerge command is used to merge multiple files in an HDFS(Hadoop Distributed File System) and then put it into one single output file in our local file system.

We want to merge the 2 files present inside are HDFS i.e. file1.txt and file2.txt, into a single file output.txt in our local file system.

Steps To Use -getmerge Command

Step 1: Let’s see the content of file1.txt and file2.txt that are available in our HDFS. You can see the content of File1.txt in the below image:

Content of File1.txt

Content of File2.txt

Content of File2.txt

In this case, we have copied both of these files inside my HDFS in Hadoop_File folder. If you don’t know how to make the directory and copy files to HDFS then follow below command to do so.

  • Making Hadoop_Files directory in our HDFS
    hdfs dfs -mkdir /Hadoop_File
  • Copying files to HDFS

    hdfs dfs -copyFromLocal /home/dikshant/Documents/hadoop_file/file1.txt /home/dikshant/Documents/hadoop_file/file2.txt /Hadoop_File

Hadoop - getmerge Command - 1

Below is the Image showing this file inside my /Hadoop_File directory in HDFS.

Hadoop - getmerge Command - 2

Step 2: Now it’s time to use -getmerge command to merge these files into a single output file in our local file system for that follow the below procedure.


hdfs dfs -getmerge -nl /path1 /path2 ..../path n /destination

-nl is used for adding new line. this will add a new line between the content of these n files. In this case we have merge it to /hadoop_file folder inside my /Documents folder.

hdfs dfs -getmerge -nl /Hadoop_File/file1.txt /Hadoop_File/file2.txt /home/dikshant/Documents/hadoop_file/output.txt


Now let’s see whether the file get merged in output.txt file or not.

getmerge command output in Hadoop

In the above image, you can easily see that the file is merged successfully in our output.txt file.

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