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Hadoop – Daemons and Their Features

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  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 06 Oct, 2021

Daemons mean Process. Hadoop Daemons are a set of processes that run on Hadoop. Hadoop is a framework written in Java, so all these processes are Java Processes. 

Apache Hadoop 2 consists of the following Daemons: 

  • NameNode
  • DataNode
  • Secondary Name Node
  • Resource Manager
  • Node Manager

Namenode, Secondary NameNode, and Resource Manager work on a Master System while the Node Manager and DataNode work on the Slave machine. 

1. NameNode

NameNode works on the Master System. The primary purpose of Namenode is to manage all the MetaData. Metadata is the list of files stored in HDFS(Hadoop Distributed File System). As we know the data is stored in the form of blocks in a Hadoop cluster. So the DataNode on which or the location at which that block of the file is stored is mentioned in MetaData. All information regarding the logs of the transactions happening in a Hadoop cluster (when or who read/wrote the data) will be stored in MetaData. MetaData is stored in the memory. 

Features: 

  • It never stores the data that is present in the file.
  • As Namenode works on the Master System, the Master system should have good processing power and more RAM than Slaves.
  • It stores the information of DataNode such as their Block id’s and Number of Blocks

How to start Name Node?  

hadoop-daemon.sh start namenode

How to stop Name Node?  

hadoop-daemon.sh stop namenode

starting and stopping namenode in Hadoop

2. DataNode

DataNode works on the Slave system. The NameNode always instructs DataNode for storing the Data. DataNode is a program that runs on the slave system that serves the read/write request from the client. As the data is stored in this DataNode, they should possess high memory to store more Data. 

How to start Data Node? 

hadoop-daemon.sh start datanode

How to stop Data Node?  

hadoop-daemon.sh stop datanode

starting and stopping a Datanode in Hadoop

3. Secondary NameNode

Secondary NameNode is used for taking the hourly backup of the data. In case the Hadoop cluster fails, or crashes, the secondary Namenode will take the hourly backup or checkpoints of that data and store this data into a file name fsimage. This file then gets transferred to a new system. A new MetaData is assigned to that new system and a new Master is created with this MetaData, and the cluster is made to run again correctly. 
This is the benefit of Secondary Name Node. Now in Hadoop2, we have High-Availability and Federation features that minimize the importance of this Secondary Name Node in Hadoop2. 

Major Function Of Secondary NameNode: 

  • It groups the Edit logs and Fsimage from NameNode together.
  • It continuously reads the MetaData from the RAM of NameNode and writes into the Hard Disk.

As secondary NameNode keeps track of checkpoints in a Hadoop Distributed File System, it is also known as the checkpoint Node. 

secondary-namenode

The Hadoop Daemon’sPort
Name Node50070
Data Node50075
Secondary Name Node50090

These ports can be configured manually in hdfs-site.xml and mapred-site.xml files. 

4. Resource Manager

Resource Manager is also known as the Global Master Daemon that works on the Master System. The Resource Manager Manages the resources for the applications that are running in a Hadoop Cluster. The Resource Manager Mainly consists of 2 things. 

1. ApplicationsManager 
2. Scheduler 

An Application Manager is responsible for accepting the request for a client and also makes a memory resource on the Slaves in a Hadoop cluster to host the Application Master. The scheduler is utilized for providing resources for applications in a Hadoop cluster and for monitoring this application. 

How to start ResourceManager? 

yarn-daemon.sh start resourcemanager

How to stop ResourceManager?  

stop:yarn-daemon.sh stop resoucemnager

start-stop-resource-manager in Hadoop

5. Node Manager

The Node Manager works on the Slaves System that manages the memory resource within the Node and Memory Disk. Each Slave Node in a Hadoop cluster has a single NodeManager Daemon running in it. It also sends this monitoring information to the Resource Manager. 

How to start Node Manager? 

yarn-daemon.sh start nodemanager

How to stop Node Manager?  

yarn-daemon.sh stop nodemanager 

Hadoop Node Manager - how to start and stop

In a Hadoop cluster, Resource Manager and Node Manager can be tracked with the specific URLs, of type http://:port_number 

The Hadoop Daemon’sPort
ResourceManager8088
NodeManager8042

The below diagram shows how Hadoop works. 

How-Hadoop-Works

 

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